Japanese Spitz


  • Height: 12 to 15 inches
  • Weight: 10 to 25 pounds
  • Life Span: 10 to 16 years
  • Diet: Omnivorous (high-quality commercial dog food suitable for size and age)

Japanese Spitz Overview:

The Japanese Spitz is a beautiful dog breed known for its fluffy white coat and fox-like expression. Belonging to the Spitz family, these dogs exhibit grace, intelligence, and an alert disposition. Their striking appearance is complemented by an affectionate and friendly nature.

A medium-sized dog, the Japanese Spitz is a great companion for families, singles, and seniors alike. While they enjoy physical activities and playtime, they also appreciate relaxing moments with their human family. Social and loving, they tend to form close bonds with those they live with.

Japanese Spitz Highlights:

The Japanese Spitz is known for its stunning white double coat, erect triangular ears, and alert expression. They stand out with their elegance and adapt well to different living conditions.

These dogs are especially loved for their affectionate and social temperament. They are great with children, loyal to their families, and tend to get along well with other pets. Their moderate size and lively personality make them suitable for various lifestyles, provided their exercise and mental stimulation needs are met.

Japanese Spitz Evolution and History:

The Japanese Spitz originated in Japan during the early 20th century. They were developed by crossbreeding several Spitz breeds from different countries, such as the German Spitz, the American Eskimo Dog, and the Samoyed.

The breed’s popularity grew in Japan, and eventually, it found enthusiasts around the world. While not recognized by all major kennel clubs, the Japanese Spitz’s unique characteristics and friendly demeanor have earned it many admirers.

Japanese Spitz Size and Weight:

Japanese Spitz dogs typically stand between 12 to 15 inches at the shoulders and weigh anywhere from 10 to 25 pounds. Their size can vary depending on gender, with males often being slightly larger than females.

Their compact and well-proportioned body is complemented by a lush, double coat, which gives them an even more substantial appearance. Prospective owners should consider their size when providing space and accommodations.

Japanese Spitz Personality:

Japanese Spitzes are known for their lively and affectionate personalities. They often form strong bonds with their families and can be both playful and relaxed companions.

While they enjoy interaction and playtime, they also appreciate quiet time with their family members. Intelligence and curiosity make them engaging pets, but they may sometimes display a mild stubborn streak. Socialization from a young age helps in developing a well-rounded and adaptable personality.

The Adaptability of the Japanese Spitz:

Japanese Spitz dogs are highly adaptable, thriving in various living situations, from apartments to houses with large yards. They do well in different climates, but their thick coat needs proper care to keep them comfortable, especially in warmer weather.

Their moderate exercise needs and social nature make them suitable for a wide range of households. Early socialization and regular companionship ensure they adapt well to different environments and family dynamics.

Japanese Spitz Temperament:

The Japanese Spitz exhibits a friendly and alert temperament. They are generally good-natured, getting along well with children and other pets. They may be somewhat reserved with strangers but are seldom overly shy or aggressive.

Consistent training and socialization from a young age help in cultivating their best behaviors. Their intelligence and desire to please their owners make them responsive to training, although a gentle and patient approach often yields the best results.

Japanese Spitz Maintenance and Grooming:

Despite their thick and plush coat, Japanese Spitz dogs require only moderate grooming. Regular brushing, usually once or twice a week, helps remove loose hair and keeps the coat looking its best.

Other routine care, including nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care, should be part of the grooming regimen. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian help in monitoring their overall health and detecting any potential issues early.

The Trainability of the Japanese Spitz:

Japanese Spitz dogs are typically intelligent and responsive to training. Positive reinforcement methods work well with this breed, as they are eager to please their human family.

While they may sometimes show a hint of independence or stubbornness, consistency and patience usually overcome these minor challenges. Engaging them with varied and interesting training exercises ensures success in training.

Exercise Needs of the Japanese Spitz:

The Japanese Spitz has moderate exercise needs. Daily walks, playtime in the yard, or engaging indoor activities provide enough physical stimulation for this breed.

Mental exercise is also essential for the Japanese Spitz, as they are intelligent and curious. Providing toys and interactive activities helps in keeping them happy and engaged.

Japanese Spitz Health:

Generally, the Japanese Spitz is a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they can be prone to certain health issues:

  • Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates. Regular monitoring and early intervention can manage or correct the problem.
  • Allergies: Japanese Spitz may develop allergies to certain foods or environmental factors. Identifying and avoiding triggers, along with appropriate treatment, can alleviate symptoms.
  • Eye Issues: Regular eye checks and early detection of issues like cataracts are essential for maintaining good eye health.

Japanese Spitz Care:

Care for a Japanese Spitz includes regular exercise, a balanced diet, and consistent grooming. Providing social interaction and mental stimulation is essential for their well-being.

Regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations are vital for their overall health. Early socialization, training, and positive reinforcement help them grow into well-behaved adults.

Japanese Spitz Feeding:

Japanese Spitzes should be fed high-quality commercial dog food suitable for their size, age, and activity level. The amount may vary, typically ranging from 1 to 2 cups per day, divided into two meals.

Monitoring their weight and adjusting the diet as needed helps prevent obesity. Fresh water should always be available, and treats should be given in moderation.

Japanese Spitz Coat Color and Grooming:

The Japanese Spitz’s coat is pure white, dense, and double-layered. Regular brushing helps maintain its beauty and health.

Additional grooming needs, such as teeth cleaning, nail trimming, and ear care, are also vital. Regular grooming sessions offer a chance to check for signs of underlying health problems.

Japanese Spitz and Children:

Japanese Spitzes are typically excellent with children, displaying patience and gentle playfulness. Their friendly disposition makes them great family pets.

Teaching children how to interact properly with the dog and supervising younger children ensures a harmonious relationship. Their moderate size makes them manageable around kids of all ages.

Japanese Spitz and Other Pets:

Japanese Spitzes usually get along well with other pets, especially when properly socialized. Introducing them thoughtfully and matching personalities ensures harmonious relationships.

While supervision may be required initially, their generally friendly nature means they can adapt well to multi-pet households, enjoying companionship with other dogs or even cats.

Similar Dogs:

  • American Eskimo Dog: Similar in appearance and temperament, the American Eskimo Dog shares the Spitz family traits with the Japanese Spitz, including the lush white coat and intelligent disposition.
  • Samoyed: The Samoyed, a larger Spitz breed, has similar physical characteristics and a friendly nature that make them similar to the Japanese Spitz.
  • German Spitz: The German Spitz, with its varied sizes and similar appearance, shares a close relationship with the Japanese Spitz, reflecting common ancestry and breed characteristics.

The Japanese Spitz’s blend of beauty, intelligence, and friendly nature makes it a highly sought-after companion. Proper care, attention, and love will allow this wonderful breed to thrive as a cherished member of any household.