German Spitz


  • Height: 23-29 cm (9-11.5 inches)
  • Weight: 5-10 kg (11-22 pounds)
  • Life Span: 12-16 years
  • Diet: High-quality dog food, balanced for small breeds

German Spitz Overview

The German Spitz is an enchanting and lively breed that originated in Germany. Known for its distinctive fox-like appearance and cheerful demeanor, the German Spitz is a popular companion dog. With its plumed tail, expressive eyes, and fluffy double coat, this breed captures the hearts of many dog lovers.

German Spitz dogs are renowned for their intelligence, agility, and loyalty. They thrive in human company and form strong bonds with their families. Whether as a devoted family pet or a delightful show dog, the German Spitz brings joy and warmth to its household.

This breed is available in several size variations, including the Klein (small) and the Mittel (medium). Despite their size differences, all German Spitz dogs share similar charming qualities, making them excellent companions for individuals and families alike.

German Spitz Highlights

The German Spitz possesses several key highlights that set it apart as a delightful breed. First and foremost is its stunning appearance. With its profuse double coat, erect ears, and expressive eyes, the German Spitz captivates onlookers. Their plumed tail adds a touch of elegance to their overall appearance.

In addition to their visual appeal, German Spitz dogs are intelligent and agile. They are quick learners and enjoy engaging in mental and physical activities. This breed excels in various dog sports, including obedience, agility, and tracking. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them highly trainable.

German Spitz dogs are also known for their playful and lively nature. They have an abundance of energy and love to participate in activities with their family. Their cheerful disposition and alertness make them excellent companions for individuals and families seeking an active and spirited companion.

German Spitz Evolution and History

The German Spitz has a rich history that dates back hundreds of years. This breed is part of the larger Spitz family, which includes various other breeds with similar characteristics. The German Spitz shares its ancestry with other European Spitz breeds, such as the Pomeranian and the Samoyed.

The Spitz family of breeds can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of similar dogs found in archaeological sites from thousands of years ago. The German Spitz, specifically, has been a cherished companion in Germany for centuries. It was popular among both aristocracy and commoners, serving as a companion and watchdog.

Over time, the German Spitz breed developed into different sizes, including the Klein (small) and the Mittel (medium). Today, the German Spitz is primarily kept as a companion dog, admired for its striking appearance and friendly nature.

German Spitz Size and Weight

The German Spitz breed comes in two main size variations: Klein (small) and Mittel (medium). The Klein German Spitz stands at approximately 23-29 cm (9-11.5 inches) at the shoulder and weighs between 5-10 kg (11-22 pounds). The Mittel German Spitz is slightly larger, standing at approximately 30-38 cm (12-15 inches) and weighing between 9-14 kg (20-31 pounds).

Despite their size differences, both the Klein and Mittel German Spitz share similar physical characteristics and temperaments. They are compact and well-proportioned dogs with a fox-like appearance, boasting a dense double coat and erect ears that give them an alert and lively expression.

German Spitz Personality

German Spitz dogs are known for their lively, affectionate, and friendly personalities. They are devoted to their families and enjoy being involved in their daily activities. With their high intelligence and alertness, they make excellent watchdogs and will alert their owners to any potential dangers or strangers approaching the home.

German Spitz dogs thrive on human companionship and are eager to please. They are highly adaptable and can adjust well to different living situations, whether in apartments or houses. However, they do require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and ensure their well-being.

This breed is generally good with children and can form strong bonds with them. However, as with any dog, supervision and proper introductions are necessary to ensure safe and respectful interactions between the dog and child. Early socialization and training are important for German Spitz dogs to develop into well-rounded and confident companions.

The Adaptability of the German Spitz

German Spitz dogs are highly adaptable and can thrive in various living situations. Whether in a bustling city or a quiet countryside, they can adjust to their environment as long as their exercise and mental stimulation needs are met.

While they can adapt to apartment living, it’s important to provide them with regular exercise and playtime to prevent restlessness. They enjoy walks, interactive play sessions, and engaging in mental activities to keep their minds stimulated.

The German Spitz is generally a healthy and robust breed, but it is important to be mindful of extreme weather conditions. Their double coat provides insulation, but they may be sensitive to heat. It is crucial to provide them with a cool and comfortable environment during hot weather.

German Spitz Temperament

The German Spitz is known for its lively, affectionate, and friendly temperament. They are spirited and eager to participate in various activities with their families. German Spitz dogs are naturally alert and make excellent watchdogs, always keeping a close eye on their surroundings.

This breed is intelligent and quick to learn, which makes training a pleasurable experience. They respond well to positive reinforcement-based training methods, such as rewards, praise, and play. Consistency, patience, and gentle guidance are key to successful training outcomes with German Spitz dogs.

While they are generally friendly toward strangers, proper socialization from an early age is important to ensure they develop good manners and confidence in various situations. Early exposure to different people, animals, and environments helps German Spitz dogs grow into well-rounded and well-behaved companions.

German Spitz Maintenance and Grooming

German Spitz dogs have a thick and dense double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in optimal condition. Their coat consists of a longer outer coat and a soft undercoat that provides insulation.

Regular brushing is essential to prevent tangles and matting. Brushing their coat a few times a week helps remove loose hair and keeps their coat looking clean and healthy. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be necessary to manage the amount of loose hair.

Trimming their nails regularly is important to prevent overgrowth and potential discomfort. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth, helps maintain good oral hygiene and prevents dental issues.

German Spitz dogs are relatively clean and odorless, so bathing is only necessary when they are visibly dirty or have a strong odor. Use a gentle dog-specific shampoo and rinse thoroughly to remove all soap residue.

The Trainability of the German Spitz

German Spitz dogs are intelligent and eager to please, making them highly trainable. They thrive on positive reinforcement-based training methods that involve rewards, praise, and play.

Consistency and patience are essential when training a German Spitz. They respond well to clear communication and gentle guidance. Harsh training methods or punishment-based techniques should be avoided, as they can be counterproductive and negatively impact the dog’s trust and willingness to learn.

Socialization is also an important aspect of training for German Spitz dogs. Early and ongoing exposure to various people, animals, and environments helps them develop good manners and confidence. Enrolling in puppy socialization classes or obedience training can be beneficial for their overall development.

Exercise Needs of the German Spitz

While German Spitz dogs are small in size, they have moderate exercise needs. Regular physical and mental stimulation is important to keep them healthy and happy.

Daily walks, play sessions, and interactive games are recommended to fulfill their exercise requirements. They also enjoy participating in dog sports such as agility, obedience, or rally. Mental stimulation through puzzle toys, training sessions, and learning new tricks helps prevent boredom and keeps their minds sharp.

German Spitz dogs can adapt to different exercise routines based on their age, energy level, and overall health. It is important to find the right balance between physical exercise and mental stimulation to ensure their well-being.

German Spitz Health

German Spitz dogs are generally healthy and have a long life span of 12-16 years. However, like all dog breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues. Responsible breeders perform health screenings and tests to minimize the risk of hereditary conditions.

Some health issues that may be seen in German Spitz dogs include:

  • Patellar Luxation: This is a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. It can range from mild to severe and may cause lameness or discomfort.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is a group of genetic eye disorders that cause progressive vision loss and can eventually lead to blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect and manage PRA.
  • Dental Issues: Small breed dogs, including German Spitz dogs, may be prone to dental problems such as dental tartar buildup, gum disease, or tooth loss. Regular dental care, including teeth brushing and professional cleanings, can help maintain good oral hygiene.
  • Allergies: German Spitz dogs may be prone to allergies, including food allergies or environmental allergies. Symptoms can include itchiness, skin inflammation, and digestive issues. Identifying and managing the allergen, whether through diet changes or environmental adjustments, can help alleviate symptoms.

It’s important to work with a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle contribute to the overall health and longevity of German Spitz dogs.

German Spitz Care

Caring for a German Spitz involves meeting their physical, mental, and emotional needs. Here are some important aspects of care for this breed:

  • Exercise: Provide daily exercise and mental stimulation through walks, play sessions, and interactive games. Engaging their minds and bodies helps prevent boredom and promotes overall well-being.
  • Socialization: Early and ongoing socialization is crucial to ensure German Spitz dogs develop good manners and confidence. Expose them to various people, animals, and environments in a positive and controlled manner.
  • Training: Utilize positive reinforcement-based training methods to teach them basic obedience commands and desired behaviors. Consistency, patience, and rewards are key to successful training outcomes.
  • Grooming: Regular brushing helps prevent tangles and matting in their thick double coat. Trim their nails regularly and maintain good dental hygiene. Bathe them as needed, using a gentle dog-specific shampoo.
  • Health Care: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care. Discuss appropriate vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and heartworm prevention with your veterinarian.

German Spitz Feeding

Feeding a German Spitz should involve high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, activity level, and overall health. The amount of food and feeding frequency depend on the individual dog’s metabolism, energy requirements, and weight.

Divide their daily food into two or three meals to prevent the risk of overeating or gastric issues. Portion sizes should be adjusted based on their energy needs, body condition, and veterinarian’s recommendations. Monitoring their weight and body condition is important to ensure they maintain a healthy weight.

Provide fresh water at all times to keep them properly hydrated. It’s also essential to avoid overfeeding and to prevent excessive weight gain, which can lead to various health issues.

German Spitz Coat Color and Grooming

German Spitz dogs come in various coat colors, including white, black, brown, orange, and combinations of these colors. The coat is always dense and double-layered, with a longer outer coat and a soft undercoat that provides insulation.

Regular grooming is necessary to maintain the German Spitz’s coat. Brushing their coat several times a week helps remove loose hair, prevent matting, and keep their coat looking neat and healthy. Pay special attention to areas where tangles are more likely to form, such as behind the ears and around the neck.

Bathe them as needed, using a gentle dog-specific shampoo. Be sure to rinse thoroughly to remove all soap residue. Additionally, regular dental care, including teeth brushing, and routine nail trimming are essential parts of their grooming routine.

German Spitz and Children

German Spitz dogs can be wonderful companions for children. Their lively and friendly nature makes them well-suited for families with kids. However, as with any dog, supervision and proper interactions are necessary to ensure the safety of both the child and the dog.

Teach children how to approach and interact with dogs in a gentle and appropriate manner. Encourage them to respect the dog’s space and avoid rough play. Early socialization and training for the German Spitz, as well as proper education and guidance for children, contribute to a harmonious relationship between them.

German Spitz and Other Pets

German Spitz dogs can generally get along well with other pets when properly socialized and introduced. They are social by nature and can form positive relationships with other dogs, cats, and small animals.

Proper introductions and gradual acclimation are important when introducing a German Spitz to other pets. Supervised interactions and positive reinforcement can help establish a harmonious environment. Each dog is an individual, so monitoring their behavior and providing guidance and training may be necessary to ensure a peaceful coexistence.

Similar Dogs

  • Pomeranian: The Pomeranian shares similar ancestry with the German Spitz and is known for its small size and luxurious double coat. Both breeds exhibit lively and friendly personalities and require regular grooming to maintain their beautiful coats. The main distinction lies in their size, with the Pomeranian being smaller than the German Spitz.
  • Japanese Spitz: The Japanese Spitz is another breed that shares similarities with the German Spitz. They both have a fox-like appearance, a dense double coat, and lively personalities. Both breeds make excellent companions and require regular grooming to keep their coats in optimal condition. The Japanese Spitz is slightly larger than the German Spitz and may have a different coat coloration.

German Spitz FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • Are German Spitzs Good Family Dogs?
    If you’re considering adding a furry friend to your family, it’s essential to choose a dog breed that will fit well with your lifestyle and be a great companion for everyone in the household. German Spitzs are one such breed that many families consider due to their adorable appearance and … Read more
  • What Were German Spitzs Bred For?
    If you’re considering adding a furry companion to your family, one breed that might catch your attention is the German Spitz. These adorable dogs are known for their fluffy coats and lively personalities, but have you ever wondered what they were originally bred for? In this blog post, we’ll explore … Read more
  • Are German Spitzs Hypoallergenic?
    If you’re considering bringing a furry companion into your household but suffer from allergies, it’s essential to find a hypoallergenic breed. While there are various breeds known for being hypoallergenic, such as Poodles and Labradoodles, you might be wondering if the lively and adorable German Spitz falls into this category. … Read more
  • What type of coat do German Spitzs have?
    When it comes to German Spitzs, one of the first things that capture our attention is their stunning coats. These furry companions boast a wide range of coat types that not only add to their charm but also serve specific purposes. In this blog post, we will delve into the … Read more
  • Are German Spitzs Good For First Time Owners?
    If you are considering getting a dog and you’re a first-time owner, look no further than the adorable German Spitz. These charming little pups are known for their friendly nature, intelligence, and versatility. While owning any pet requires responsibility and commitment, German Spitzs can be an excellent choice for beginners … Read more
  • Are German Spitzs Good With Other Dogs?
    German Spitzs, also known as Deutscher Spitz, are a delightful breed that many dog lovers adore. With their fluffy coats and playful personalities, they make wonderful companions. However, if you’re considering adding a German Spitz to your family and already have dogs at home or are planning to introduce them … Read more
  • Are German Spitzs Easy To Train?
    The Intelligence of German Spitzs German Spitzs are known to be highly intelligent dogs. They possess a sharp mind and are quick learners, making them generally easy to train compared to some other breeds. Their intelligence allows them to understand commands and pick up new skills relatively quickly. The Importance … Read more
  • Can German Spitzs Live In Apartments?
    If you’re considering getting a furry friend and live in an apartment, you might be wondering if a German Spitz would be the right fit for your living situation. These adorable dogs are known for their fluffy coats and friendly personalities, but can they adapt to apartment living? Let’s find … Read more