What Were Basset Bleu de Gascognes Bred For?

Bred for centuries in the picturesque region of Gascony, France, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a remarkable hunting breed that has captivated dog enthusiasts worldwide. This unique breed boasts an intriguing history and characteristics that set it apart from other canine companions. In this blog post, we will delve into the origins of Basset Bleu de Gascognes and shed light on their specific purpose for being bred.

A Noble History as Hunting Dogs

The roots of Basset Bleu de Gascognes can be traced back to medieval times when they were developed by French nobility predominantly for hunting purposes. Their name itself reveals important information about their lineage: “Bleu” refers to the blue mottled coat characteristic of this breed, while “Gascogne” signifies their origin in the Gascony region.

These dogs were specifically bred to hunt small game such as rabbits and hares. With their exceptional sense of smell and stamina, they became indispensable assets during hunts as they had a knack for tracking scents over long distances without getting easily fatigued. The low stature and long ears also played a crucial role in keeping them close to the ground where most scents lingered.

Distinctive Physical Traits

One cannot help but notice the distinct physical traits that make Basset Bleu de Gascognes stand out from other breeds. They possess a muscular yet compact body with short legs that give them a low-to-the-ground appearance – perfect for maneuvering through dense vegetation during hunts.

Their droopy ears are another notable feature; not only do these adorable floppy appendages contribute to their overall charm, but they also serve an essential purpose in enhancing their olfactory capabilities. By sweeping up scent particles from the ground as they move along, the Basset Bleu de Gascognes harnesses their long ears as natural scent collectors.

The breed’s coat is thick, dense, and adorned with a striking pattern of blue mottles on a white background. This distinctive coloration helps them blend into their surroundings while maintaining visibility to hunters during expeditions.

Affectionate Companions Beyond Hunting

While Basset Bleu de Gascognes were initially bred for hunting purposes, they have also found a special place in the hearts and homes of dog lovers worldwide. Their gentle temperament, loyalty, and affectionate nature make them excellent family pets.

Despite being skilled hunters by nature, these dogs adapt remarkably well to living in domestic environments. They thrive on human companionship and enjoy spending quality time with their owners. However, it is crucial to provide them with regular exercise to keep them physically stimulated as they still carry remnants of their hunting instincts within.


Basset Bleu de Gascognes are more than just beautiful dogs; they represent centuries-old traditions deeply ingrained in Gascony’s culture. They were meticulously bred over generations for specific hunting abilities that have now made them sought-after as both working dogs and beloved pets.

Whether you are fascinated by their historical significance or captivated by their charming appearance, one thing remains certain – Basset Bleu de Gascognes continue to leave an indelible mark wherever they go. As we cherish our modern connection with these remarkable canines today, let us honor the skill and dedication put forth by those who selectively bred this exceptional breed for generations past.