Mountain Cur


  • Height: 46-69 cm (18-27 inches)
  • Weight: 16-32 kg (35-70 pounds)
  • Life Span: 12-16 years
  • Diet: High-quality dog food, balanced and suitable for medium to large-sized breeds

Mountain Cur Overview

The Mountain Cur is a versatile and energetic working dog breed known for its excellent hunting abilities and loyal nature. Originally developed in the United States, this breed was primarily used for hunting small game, treeing squirrels, and tracking larger game such as bears and boars.

Mountain Curs are highly valued for their intelligence, agility, and endurance. They are renowned for their strong work ethic and adaptability to various environments and terrains. Although primarily a working breed, they also make loyal and dedicated family companions.

Mountain Cur Highlights

The Mountain Cur possesses several notable highlights that set it apart as a unique and capable breed. First and foremost, its exceptional hunting skills make it highly sought after by hunters and outdoors enthusiasts. With their keen sense of smell, speed, and agility, Mountain Curs excel in tracking, treeing, and retrieving game.

In addition to their hunting abilities, Mountain Curs are known for their versatility. They are capable of performing various tasks beyond hunting, such as search and rescue, herding, and even as therapy dogs. Their intelligence and adaptability make them quick learners and well-suited for different roles.

Another highlight of the Mountain Cur is its loyalty and affection toward its family. They form strong bonds with their owners and are known to be protective, making them excellent watchdogs. They are also generally good with children, showcasing their gentle and patient nature.

Mountain Cur Evolution and History

The Mountain Cur breed has its roots in the United States, particularly in the Appalachian region. It is believed to have originated from European hunting dogs brought to America by early settlers. Over time, these dogs were selectively bred to develop the specific traits required for hunting and working in the rugged mountainous terrains.

Mountain Curs were highly valued by early American pioneers for their hunting prowess and versatility. They were essential in providing food for the family, guarding property, and assisting in various farm tasks. The breed’s ability to adapt to different environments and climates, along with its work ethic and intelligence, made it a valuable asset.

Despite their working heritage, Mountain Curs gradually gained recognition as loyal and affectionate family dogs. The breed’s versatility and adaptability, coupled with its balanced temperament, contributed to its popularity beyond hunting circles.

Today, Mountain Curs are still primarily used as working dogs, particularly in hunting and herding roles. However, they also make wonderful companions for active individuals or families seeking a loyal and versatile canine partner.

Mountain Cur Size and Weight

Mountain Curs are medium-sized dogs with a well-muscled and athletic build. While there can be some variation in size within the breed, males are generally larger and heavier than females.

In terms of height, Mountain Curs typically stand between 46 and 69 cm (18-27 inches) at the shoulder. Their weight ranges from 16 to 32 kg (35-70 pounds), depending on the dog’s sex and build.

The size and weight of Mountain Curs are well-balanced, allowing them to be agile and versatile in their working roles. Their physical abilities, along with their endurance and agility, make them well-suited for demanding tasks such as hunting and navigating rugged terrains.

Mountain Cur Personality

The Mountain Cur is known for its intelligent, loyal, and hardworking personality. They are highly adaptable and thrive in environments where they are given a sense of purpose and ample physical and mental stimulation.

Mountain Curs are natural problem solvers and possess a strong work ethic. They enjoy having a job to do and excel in activities that challenge their intelligence and instincts. Mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys, obedience training, and scent work, is essential to keep them engaged and prevent boredom.

Despite their working background, Mountain Curs also have a loving and affectionate side. They form strong bonds with their family members and are known for their loyalty and protective nature. They are generally good with children, but as with any dog breed, supervision and teaching children how to interact respectfully with dogs are important.

The Adaptability of the Mountain Cur

Mountain Curs are highly adaptable dogs that can thrive in various environments and climates. They are known for their resilience and ability to adapt to rugged terrains and harsh weather conditions.

Their adaptability extends to living situations as well. Mountain Curs can adapt to both rural and urban settings, as long as they receive sufficient exercise and mental stimulation. While they are naturally inclined to be outdoor dogs, they can also be content living indoors with proper exercise and mental enrichment.

However, it’s important to note that Mountain Curs require ample physical activity and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and potential behavioral issues. They are not well-suited for sedentary lifestyles or being left alone for extended periods. Engaging them in regular exercise, such as long walks, runs, or playtime in securely fenced areas, is crucial to their overall well-being.

Mountain Cur Temperament

The Mountain Cur is known for its even-tempered, confident, and friendly nature. They are typically good-natured dogs that get along well with their family and other animals when properly socialized.

Mountain Curs have a strong prey drive, which is an inherited instinct from their hunting background. This drive may make them inclined to chase small animals, so caution should be exercised when introducing them to smaller pets. Early socialization and training can help mitigate any potential issues.

Their loyalty and protective instincts make them excellent watchdogs. They will alert their family to any potential threats or unfamiliar situations. However, they are not naturally aggressive and are generally good with strangers when properly introduced.

Mountain Cur Maintenance and Grooming

The Mountain Cur has a short to medium-length coat that requires minimal grooming. Their coat is dense and weather-resistant, providing them with protection in various climates.

Regular brushing with a firm-bristled brush or grooming mitt helps remove loose hair and keeps the coat clean and healthy. Bathing should be done as needed or when they become dirty, using a mild dog-specific shampoo.

Other aspects of Mountain Cur maintenance include regular dental care, such as brushing their teeth, and routine nail trimming. It’s important to establish a grooming routine from a young age to ensure they become accustomed to the process and maintain their overall health and hygiene.

The Trainability of the Mountain Cur

Mountain Curs are highly intelligent dogs that are eager to please their owners. They possess a natural instinct for hunting and working, which makes them quick learners and highly trainable.

Positive reinforcement-based training methods work best with Mountain Curs. These methods involve using rewards such as treats, praise, and playtime to motivate and reinforce desired behaviors. Consistency, patience, and clear communication are key when training a Mountain Cur.

Early socialization is crucial for a well-rounded and well-behaved Mountain Cur. Introducing them to various people, animals, and environments from a young age helps them develop good manners and confidence. It also helps prevent potential behavioral issues, such as shyness or aggression.

Exercise Needs of the Mountain Cur

Mountain Curs are an active and energetic breed that requires regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. They have a high energy level and thrive on activities that challenge their bodies and minds.

Engaging them in daily exercise is essential. This can include long walks, jogs, hikes, or play sessions in securely fenced areas. Providing them with opportunities to engage in activities that fulfill their natural instincts, such as scent work or agility training, is also beneficial.

It’s important to note that Mountain Curs require mental stimulation as much as physical exercise. Engaging their minds through training, puzzle toys, or interactive games helps prevent boredom and destructive behaviors.

Mountain Cur Health

Overall, Mountain Curs are a relatively healthy breed with a lifespan of 12 to 16 years. Responsible breeders prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs and perform health screenings to minimize the risk of passing on hereditary conditions.

While Mountain Curs are generally healthy, there are a few health issues that can affect the breed. These include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is a common orthopedic condition that affects the hip joint’s structure. Regular hip evaluations can help identify any signs of hip dysplasia and enable appropriate management.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is an inherited eye disease that causes progressive vision loss and can lead to blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help identify and monitor PRA.
  • Ear Infections: Due to their floppy ears, Mountain Curs may be prone to ear infections. Regular cleaning and proper ear care can help prevent these issues.

Other health issues that may be seen in Mountain Curs, although less commonly, include allergies, skin problems, and certain types of cancer. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventive care are essential to maintaining their overall health and catching any potential health issues early.

Mountain Cur Care

Caring for a Mountain Cur involves meeting their basic needs, providing regular exercise and mental stimulation, and ensuring their overall health and well-being.

Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care are crucial to maintaining a healthy Mountain Cur. Routine examinations help detect any health issues early and enable prompt treatment.

Mountain Curs thrive on human companionship and do best when they can actively participate in their family’s life. They are not suited for long periods of isolation or being left alone for extended periods. Mental and physical exercise, along with quality time spent with their owners, help prevent behavioral issues and promote a happy and well-adjusted dog.

Mountain Cur Feeding

Feeding a Mountain Cur should involve high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. The amount of food and frequency of feeding depend on the individual dog’s metabolism, activity level, and weight.

Dividing their daily food into two or three meals is typically recommended to prevent the risk of bloat or gastric torsion. Portion sizes should be adjusted based on their energy requirements and overall body condition.

Following the feeding guidelines provided by the food manufacturer and monitoring the dog’s body condition help ensure they maintain a healthy weight. Fresh water should always be available to keep them properly hydrated.

Mountain Cur Coat Color and Grooming

Mountain Curs come in a variety of coat colors, including brindle, black, yellow, and combinations of these colors. The coat is typically short to medium in length, dense, and weather-resistant.

Grooming the Mountain Cur is relatively easy due to their short coat. Regular brushing helps remove loose hair and keeps the coat clean. Bathing should be done as needed or when they become dirty, using a mild dog-specific shampoo.

Other grooming tasks include regular dental care, such as brushing their teeth, and routine nail trimming. Mountain Curs generally have healthy teeth, but regular dental care helps prevent dental issues. Their nails should be trimmed regularly to keep them at a comfortable length.

Mountain Cur and Children

Mountain Curs are known for their loyalty, patience, and gentle nature, making them generally good with children. They can form strong bonds with children and are often protective of them.

However, as with any dog breed, supervision is necessary to ensure the safety and well-being of both the child and the dog. Teaching children how to interact respectfully with the dog, such as not pulling on their ears or tail and giving them space when needed, is important. Dogs should always be treated with kindness and respect.

Early socialization and positive experiences with children are crucial to fostering a harmonious relationship between the Mountain Cur and children. Proper introductions and supervised interactions help build trust and ensure a positive experience for both.

Mountain Cur and Other Pets

Mountain Curs can coexist with other pets when properly socialized and introduced. They are generally sociable with other dogs and animals if they have positive experiences and are taught proper manners.

Early socialization is key to ensure they develop positive relationships with other animals. Proper introductions, supervised interactions, and gradual acclimation can help prevent conflicts or aggression. Providing each pet with their own space, resources, and attention helps maintain harmony within the household.

Mountain Curs have a strong prey drive due to their hunting instincts. While they can learn to coexist with smaller pets, caution should be exercised, especially with small mammals or birds. Early socialization and training can help mitigate any potential hunting instincts and ensure a peaceful coexistence.

Similar Dogs

  • Treeing Walker Coonhound: The Treeing Walker Coonhound is a similar breed to the Mountain Cur, known for its hunting abilities and versatility. Both breeds excel in treeing game, tracking scents, and participating in hunting activities. They are energetic, intelligent, and require ample exercise and mental stimulation.
  • Plott Hound: The Plott Hound is another breed with hunting roots and shares similarities with the Mountain Cur. They are known for their exceptional tracking and hunting skills, particularly for large game such as boars. Both breeds are highly trainable, possess a strong work ethic, and thrive on regular exercise and mental stimulation.

Mountain Cur FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • What Were Mountain Curs Bred For?
    Mountain curs, also known as American curs, are a versatile breed of working dogs that have been an integral part of American history. These courageous and intelligent canines were specifically bred for various purposes, making them highly valued in the past and even today. Origins of Mountain Curs The origins … Read more
  • Can Mountain Curs Live In Apartments?
    Mountain Curs are known for their hunting and herding abilities, but can they adapt to living in apartments? This is a question that many dog lovers who live in urban areas may have. In this blog post, we will delve into the characteristics of the Mountain Cur breed and explore … Read more
  • Are Mountain Curs Good For First Time Owners?
    Choosing the right dog breed for your lifestyle and experience level is crucial when considering becoming a first-time dog owner. Mountain Curs, with their unique characteristics and temperament, are worth exploring for those seeking a loyal and versatile companion. In this blog post, we will delve into what makes Mountain … Read more
  • Are Mountain Curs Good With Other Dogs?
    Mountain Curs, a breed originating in the United States, are known for their versatility and hunting abilities. They possess a unique combination of intelligence, agility, and loyalty. However, if you’re considering adding a Mountain Cur to your household that already includes other dogs or are wondering about their compatibility with … Read more
  • Are Mountain Curs Hypoallergenic?
    There is a growing interest in hypoallergenic dog breeds among people who suffer from allergies. The desire to have a furry companion without the constant sneezing, itching, and other allergy symptoms has led many potential pet owners to seek out hypoallergenic options. What Does Hypoallergenic Mean? Hypoallergenic refers to substances … Read more
  • What type of coat do Mountain Curs have?
    If you’ve ever come across a Mountain Cur, you may have been captivated by their striking appearance. The breed’s coat is one of its most distinctive features, varying in texture and color. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the different types of coats that Mountain Curs possess and explore … Read more
  • Are Mountain Curs Easy To Train?
    When it comes to choosing a dog breed, one of the most important factors to consider is their trainability. If you’re considering getting a Mountain Cur as your new furry companion, you may be wondering just how easy or difficult they are to train. In this blog post, we’ll dive … Read more
  • Are Mountain Curs Good Family Dogs?
    Choosing the right dog breed for your family can be an overwhelming task, with numerous factors to consider. One lesser-known yet remarkable breed worth exploring is the Mountain Cur. Renowned for their loyalty and versatility, Mountain Curs have gained popularity as excellent family dogs. In this blog post, we will … Read more