Great Pyrenees



Male Great Pyrenees typically stand 27-32 inches tall at the shoulder, while females average slightly shorter at 25-29 inches.


Great Pyrenees have a significant amount of variation in their weight. Males typically weigh between 100-160 pounds, whereas females often fall between 85-115 pounds.

Life Span

The Great Pyrenees’ average life expectancy ranges from 10-12 years, which is typical for dogs of their size.


The Great Pyrenees are omnivorous and benefit from a diet that includes high-quality animal proteins, vegetables, grains, and fruits.

Great Pyrenees Overview:

The Great Pyrenees, also known as the Pyrenean Mountain Dog outside of North America, is a magnificent and powerful breed of dog. Originally bred as a livestock guardian in the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees possesses a combination of grace and fortitude. They have a weather-resistant double coat, which is usually white or cream, and often have gray, reddish, or tan markings.

Known for their calm and patient demeanor, the Great Pyrenees are renowned for their unwavering loyalty and protective instincts. They are gentle and affectionate with family members, making them a popular choice among larger breeds for families. The breed exhibits a keen intelligence and independent thinking, qualities cultivated over hundreds of years of working autonomously in the field.

Great Pyrenees Highlights

The Great Pyrenees are renowned for their tranquility and serene demeanor. They are composed under pressure, which stems from their background as livestock guardians where they had to remain calm yet vigilant against predators. These dogs are also known for their impressive size and physical strength, which is balanced by their graceful movement and gentle nature.

The Great Pyrenees are great outdoor dogs due to their robust constitution and weather-resistant coat. They love winter weather and enjoy playing in the snow. With their thick double coat, these dogs can withstand very cold temperatures that other breeds might find uncomfortable. Despite their size, they have been known to be good climbers and have been nicknamed “disappearing dog” because they can quietly slip away and surprisingly appear on a higher terrain.

Great Pyrenees Evolution and History

The Great Pyrenees has a long and storied history dating back several thousand years. These dogs have roots in Asia Minor around 3000 B.C., where they were used to guard flocks of sheep. They eventually migrated to the Pyrenees Mountains in Europe around 3000 B.C., where the breed was further refined.

In the 17th century, the Great Pyrenees became popular among French nobility, and in 1675, King Louis XIV declared the Great Pyrenees the “Royal Dog of France.” The breed was used extensively as a working dog to protect livestock, especially during the night when the threat from predators was greatest. The breed made its way to the United States in the 19th century, where they continued their role as guardians and family companions.

Great Pyrenees Size and Weight

One of the most striking features of the Great Pyrenees is their impressive size. Males can stand up to 32 inches tall and weigh as much as 160 pounds. This makes them one of the larger breeds, dwarfing many other dogs. Females are slightly smaller, generally standing up to 29 inches tall and weighing up to 115 pounds.

The size of the Great Pyrenees was an essential characteristic for their work as livestock guardians. Their imposing presence alone often served to deter predators, while their strength and endurance made them capable of fending off threats when necessary. Despite their size, the Great Pyrenees are known for their agility and grace.

Great Pyrenees Personality

The Great Pyrenees have a calm and patient demeanor that belies their size. They are typically not aggressive, but they are fiercely protective of their families, including children and other pets. While they can be reserved with strangers, they are generally not prone to shy or fearful behavior.

These dogs are independent and confident, capable of making decisions on their own when needed. This comes from their history as a livestock guardian, where they had to work independently and make their own decisions to protect the flock. While this independence can sometimes translate into stubbornness, with appropriate training and socialization, these dogs are well-behaved and obedient.

The Adaptability of the Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees is a highly adaptable breed, able to thrive in a variety of living conditions due to their hardy and resilient nature. Originally bred for the harsh conditions of mountain life, they can cope with cold climates better than many other breeds, thanks to their thick double coat.

However, the breed’s adaptability is not limited to physical environments. The Great Pyrenees also possess a flexible and accommodating nature, allowing them to fit into diverse family structures and lifestyles. Whether living on a farm as a working dog or in a suburban home as a family pet, they can adjust well as long as they have enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, due to their size, they are not ideally suited for apartment living.

Great Pyrenees Temperament

The temperament of the Great Pyrenees is one of gentle patience and devoted loyalty. Despite their size and formidable reputation as a guardian, these dogs are typically very calm and peaceful, rarely showing aggression. However, when their family or territory is threatened, they will not hesitate to use their size and strength to protect.

The Great Pyrenees are independent thinkers, a trait that comes from their history as working dogs where they were required to work alone for long periods. This independent streak can sometimes be interpreted as stubbornness, but it also means that they are not overly demanding and can be quite content with their own company. They get along well with children and other pets, showing patience and gentleness.

Great Pyrenees Maintenance and Grooming

The Great Pyrenees have a beautiful, thick double coat that does require a fair amount of maintenance. Weekly brushing is necessary to keep their coats healthy and free from mats. This will also help control the amount of hair they shed, which can be quite significant, particularly during the shedding season.

In addition to brushing, regular bathing is necessary to keep the dog clean and odor-free. However, too frequent bathing can strip the coat of its natural oils, so it should be done sparingly. Other routine maintenance includes teeth brushing, nail trimming, and ear checks for signs of infection.

The Trainability of the Great Pyrenees

While the Great Pyrenees are intelligent dogs, their independent nature can sometimes make training a challenge. They were bred to work alone and make their own decisions, which can sometimes come across as stubbornness during training sessions. However, with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement, they can be trained effectively.

Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended for the Great Pyrenees. These experiences help to ensure that the dog grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered adult. Despite their occasional stubbornness, the Great Pyrenees are eager to please their owners and can learn a wide range of commands and tricks.

Exercise Needs of the Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees are not as active as some breeds, but they still require regular exercise to keep them healthy and prevent boredom. A few walks a day, coupled with playtime and access to a secure outdoor area, should suffice for this breed. They especially enjoy activities that engage their minds, such as puzzle toys and games of search and find.

While they do need exercise, it’s important not to overdo it, especially in warm weather. The Great Pyrenees have a thick double coat that can make them prone to overheating. Therefore, during the hotter months, it’s best to schedule exercise sessions during the cooler parts of the day.

Great Pyrenees Health:

The Great Pyrenees are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health conditions. Potential owners should be aware of these potential health issues and take preventative measures when possible.

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is a heritable condition in which the thighbone doesn’t fit snugly into the hip joint. It can cause pain and lameness, and in severe cases, it can lead to arthritis. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.
  • Patellar Luxation: Also known as “slipped stifles,” this is a common problem in small dogs but can also occur in large breeds like the Great Pyrenees. It can cause lameness and arthritis, and in severe cases, it can require surgery.
  • Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus): This is a life-threatening condition that can affect large, deep-chested dogs. It causes the stomach to twist and can rapidly lead to death without immediate medical attention.

Great Pyrenees Care

The Great Pyrenees require a moderate amount of care to keep them healthy and happy. This includes regular exercise to prevent obesity and to provide mental stimulation, as well as high-quality food that is appropriate for their size and age.

Regular vet check-ups are also essential for early detection of any potential health problems. Additionally, Great Pyrenees require regular grooming to keep their thick coat in good condition, including brushing to remove dead hair and prevent matting.

Great Pyrenees Feeding

Great Pyrenees do best on high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their particular age, size, and activity level. Because of their risk for bloat, it’s often recommended to feed them several smaller meals throughout the day, rather than one large meal. Also, avoid exercise immediately after meals.

Treats can be a useful tool for training, but they should be used sparingly to avoid excessive weight gain. Always consult with your vet about the best diet for your Great Pyrenees, and be sure to provide plenty of fresh water.

Great Pyrenees Coat Color and Grooming

The Great Pyrenees have a thick double coat that is mostly white but can also include shades of gray, red, or brown. The coat is resistant to dirt and tangles, but it does shed, especially during the spring and fall. Regular brushing—at least once a week, but ideally more—can help to control shedding and keep the coat looking its best.

These dogs are fairly clean, and bathing is only required every few months or so, or when the dog becomes particularly dirty. Other grooming needs include regular teeth brushing, ear cleaning, and nail trimming.

Great Pyrenees and Children

Great Pyrenees are typically very good with children. They are patient and gentle, and their protective nature makes them excellent guardians for kids. However, due to their large size, they should always be supervised around small children to prevent accidental injury.

It’s important to teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and to always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children. Any dog, no matter how friendly, can behave unpredictably if they are hurt or scared.

Great Pyrenees and Other Pets

Great Pyrenees typically get along well with other pets. They were bred to protect livestock, so they often do well with other animals in the home. However, they can sometimes be territorial or aggressive with dogs they don’t know, especially of the same sex.

Early socialization can help to ensure that they get along with other pets. It’s always important to introduce new pets slowly and in controlled conditions to ensure a positive experience for everyone.

Similar Dogs

  • Bernese Mountain Dog: Similar to the Great Pyrenees, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, gentle breed that was also used for herding and guarding livestock. They share a calm and friendly disposition, as well as a love for cooler climates due to their thick coats.
  • Saint Bernard: Saint Bernards are another breed that share a common history with the Great Pyrenees as working mountain dogs. They’re similarly large and powerful, with a gentle and patient demeanor.
  • Newfoundland: The Newfoundland, or “Newfie,” is another large breed known for its strength and gentleness. These dogs share the Great Pyrenees’ love of children and protective nature, and they were also bred to work in harsh climates, making them equally adaptable.

Great Pyrenees FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

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