• Allergies: Adverse reactions in dogs to certain foods, environmental factors, or substances.
  • Alpha Dog: The dominant dog in a pack hierarchy.
  • Anal Glands: Glands near a dog’s anus, often needing regular checks for health.
  • Antioxidants: Compounds in food that help neutralize free radicals in the body.
  • Anxiety Relief: Measures to reduce stress in dogs, including diet, training, and environmental adjustments.
  • Artificial Preservatives: Chemicals used to prolong the shelf life of dog food.
  • Ash: The inorganic residue remaining after the incineration of dog food.


  • Balanced Diet: A diet meeting all of a dog’s nutritional needs.
  • Barking Control: Training methods to manage excessive barking.
  • Behavioral Training: Teaching a dog manners and rules to behave appropriately.
  • Biotin: A B vitamin important for healthy skin and coat.
  • Bladder Stones: Mineral deposits in a dog’s bladder, often diet-related.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where a dog’s stomach fills with air and possibly twists.
  • Body Condition Score: A scale to determine if a dog is underweight, overweight, or at an ideal weight.
  • Bones: Used as treats, but certain types can be dangerous for dogs.
  • Bowel Health: Maintaining a healthy digestive system through diet.
  • Breed-Specific Diet: Diets formulated specifically for the nutritional needs of certain dog breeds.


  • Caloric Needs: The amount of calories a dog needs daily, varying with age, size, and activity level.
  • Canned Food: Wet dog food, often higher in protein and moisture than dry food.
  • Carbohydrates: An energy source in dog food, including fibers, starches, and sugars.
  • Chelated Minerals: Minerals chemically attached to amino acids for better absorption.
  • Chewing Toys: Toys that satisfy a dog’s natural chewing instincts and help in dental health.
  • Chondroitin: Supplement aiding in joint health.
  • Coat Condition: The health and quality of a dog’s fur, often linked to diet.
  • Collagen: Protein important in maintaining the skin, coat, and joints.
  • Complete Diet: Dog food that meets all of a dog’s nutritional requirements.
  • Conditioning: Training and diet strategies to maintain a dog’s physical condition.
  • Crude Fiber: The amount of indigestible fiber in dog food.
  • Crude Protein: The total amount of protein in dog food.


  • Dental Care: Practices for maintaining a dog’s oral health, including diet choices.
  • Dermatitis: Skin irritation that can be diet-related.
  • Digestibility: The ease with which a dog can break down and absorb nutrients from food.
  • Digestive Enzymes: Proteins aiding in the breakdown of food.
  • Dry Food (Kibble): A popular type of dog food, characterized by low moisture content.
  • Dysplasia: Joint abnormalities, can be managed with diet and care.


  • Ear Care: Keeping a dog’s ears clean and healthy, sometimes influenced by diet.
  • Electrolytes: Minerals important for hydration and bodily functions.
  • Elimination Diet: A method to identify food allergies or sensitivities.
  • Energy Needs: The caloric requirement for a dog to maintain its lifestyle.
  • Enzymes: Proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions in the body.
  • Essential Fatty Acids: Fats necessary for health, not produced by the dog’s body.
  • Exercise: Physical activity necessary for a dog’s physical and mental health.


  • Fatty Acids: Important components of a dog’s diet for skin, coat, and overall health.
  • Fiber: Indigestible carbohydrates that aid in digestion.
  • Fish Oil: A supplement providing omega-3 fatty acids for coat and joint health.
  • Flaxseed: A source of fiber and omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Food Allergies: Adverse reactions to certain ingredients in food.
  • Food Intolerance: Difficulty in digesting certain foods, not immune-based like allergies.
  • Freeze-Dried Food: A type of dog food preservation retaining most nutrients.
  • Fresh Food Diets: Diets consisting of fresh, whole ingredients.


  • Gastrointestinal Health: The overall health of a dog’s digestive system.
  • Glucosamine: Supplement for joint health and arthritis management.
  • Gluten: A protein found in certain grains, sometimes an allergen for dogs.
  • Grain-Free Diet: A dog diet without grains, often chosen for dogs with specific allergies.
  • Grooming: The practice of cleaning and maintaining a dog’s appearance and hygiene.
  • Growth Phase: The period of a dog’s life where they require diets to support rapid growth.


  • Heart Health: Maintaining cardiovascular health through diet and exercise.
  • High-Energy Foods: Foods formulated for very active dogs with high caloric needs.
  • Holistic Diet: A diet approach focusing on natural and often organic ingredients.
  • Homemade Diets: Food prepared at home, requiring careful planning to be nutritionally complete.
  • Hydration: Ensuring a dog has adequate water intake.
  • Hypoallergenic Diet: A diet formulated to reduce allergic reactions.


  • Immune System Health: The overall health and functionality of a dog’s immune system, often linked to diet.
  • Incomplete Diet: Foods that do not meet all nutritional needs on their own.
  • Inflammatory Conditions: Health issues that can be managed with anti-inflammatory diets.
  • Ingredients List: A breakdown of what is in dog food.
  • Inspection: Regular health checks for a dog, including weight and body condition.


  • Joint Care: Dietary and lifestyle choices to maintain joint health and mobility.
  • Joint Supplements: Nutritional additives that support joint health.


  • Kelp: A nutrient-rich seaweed often used in dog foods.
  • Kibble: Dry dog food, typically in small, bite-sized pieces.
  • Kidney Health: Diet and care focused on maintaining healthy kidney function.


  • Lactation Diet: Specialized nutrition for nursing mother dogs.
  • Lamb: A common protein source in dog food.
  • Life Stage Nutrition: Diet tailored to a dog’s specific stage of life (puppy, adult, senior).
  • Limited Ingredient Diet: Dog food with fewer ingredients, often for sensitivity or allergy management.
  • Linoleic Acid: An essential fatty acid important for skin and coat health.
  • Liver Health: Diet and care practices focused on supporting liver function.
  • Low-Fat Diet: A diet with reduced fat content for dogs with certain health conditions.


  • Macronutrients: The main nutrients dogs need in large amounts: protein, fats, and carbohydrates.
  • Magnesium: An essential mineral for a dog’s health.
  • Maintenance Diet: A diet designed to keep an adult dog in good health.
  • Meat By-Products: Secondary products of meat processing, used in some dog foods.
  • Microbiome: The community of microorganisms living in a dog’s digestive system.
  • Micronutrients: Vitamins and minerals needed in smaller quantities for overall health.
  • Minerals: Essential inorganic compounds needed for various bodily functions.
  • Moisture Content: The amount of water in dog food, important for hydration.
  • Molting: The natural process of shedding old or damaged hair.
  • Muscle Health: Ensuring the strength and functionality of a dog’s muscles, often through diet and exercise.


  • Natural Preservatives: Preservatives derived from natural sources, used in dog food.
  • Nutrient Absorption: The process of absorbing nutrients from food into the body.
  • Nutrient Density: The amount of nutrients relative to the energy content in dog food.
  • Nutritional Adequacy Statement: A statement that indicates whether dog food meets established nutritional standards.
  • Nutritional Supplements: Additional nutrients to a dog’s diet to meet specific health needs.


  • Obesity Management: Diet and exercise regimens to help overweight dogs lose and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Essential fatty acids important for skin, coat, and joint health.
  • Omega-6 Fatty Acids: Fatty acids important for skin health and immune function.
  • Organic Dog Food: Dog food made with certified organic ingredients.
  • Orthopedic Health: Maintaining health and function of bones and joints.


  • Packed Cell Volume (PCV): A test measuring the proportion of blood made up of cells, indicating hydration and health status.
  • Palatability: How appealing dog food is to a dog’s taste.
  • Parasite Prevention: Measures to protect dogs from parasites, sometimes influenced by diet.
  • Performance Diet: A diet for working or athletic dogs with high energy and nutrient needs.
  • Phosphorus: An essential mineral important for bone health.
  • Prebiotics: Non-digestible fibers that stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
  • Pregnancy Diet: Specialized nutrition for pregnant dogs.
  • Preservatives: Substances used to prolong the shelf life of dog food.
  • Probiotics: Live beneficial bacteria that improve intestinal health.
  • Protein: Essential macronutrient forming the building blocks of muscle, skin, and more.
  • Puppy Food: Food formulated to support the rapid growth and development of puppies.


  • Quality Control: Measures ensuring the safety and quality of dog food products.
  • Quantity Feeding: Regulating the amount of food given to a dog, important for weight management.


  • Raw Diet (BARF): A diet consisting of raw meat, bones, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Recall Awareness: Keeping informed about any dog food recalls due to safety concerns.
  • Renal Diet: Special diet for dogs with kidney disease.
  • Reproductive Health: The overall health of a dog’s reproductive system, sometimes influenced by diet.
  • Rescue Dogs: Considerations in the diet and care of adopted dogs, often with unique health needs.
  • Rotational Feeding: Regularly changing a dog’s food to provide dietary variety.


  • Salmon: A common and nutritious protein source in dog food.
  • Satiety: The feeling of fullness and satisfaction from eating.
  • Senior Dog Diet: A diet formulated for the lower energy and different nutritional needs of older dogs.
  • Sensitive Stomach: Dietary considerations for dogs with digestive issues.
  • Shedding: Natural hair loss in dogs, influenced by nutrition and health.
  • Skin Health: Maintaining healthy skin through proper nutrition and care.
  • Socialization: The process of preparing a dog to interact positively with other animals and people.
  • Sodium: A mineral important in small amounts, but often limited in certain health conditions.
  • Specialized Diets: Diets formulated for specific health issues or life stages.
  • Spaying/Neutering: Surgical procedures affecting a dog’s hormonal balance and potentially their dietary needs.
  • Supplements: Products added to a dog’s diet to meet specific nutritional needs.
  • Sweet Potato: A nutritious vegetable often used in dog food for its carbohydrate content.


  • Taurine: An amino acid important for heart health, sometimes supplemented in dog diets.
  • Teeth Cleaning: Regular practices to maintain dental health, including certain diets and chews.
  • Therapeutic Diet: A diet prescribed by veterinarians to manage specific health issues.
  • Trace Minerals: Essential minerals required in very small amounts for various bodily functions.
  • Training Treats: Small treats used as positive reinforcement in training.
  • Transitioning Foods: The process of slowly introducing a new food to a dog’s diet.


  • Urinary Health: Diet and hydration practices to maintain a healthy urinary system.
  • Urine pH: A factor in urinary health, can be influenced by diet.


  • Vaccinations: Immunizations crucial for a dog’s health, indirectly related to overall care and diet.
  • Vegetarian Diet: A diet excluding meat, carefully planned to meet nutritional needs.
  • Veterinary Checkups: Regular health examinations by a veterinarian.
  • Vitamins: Organic compounds necessary in small quantities for health.
  • Vitamin Supplements: Additional vitamins given to meet specific health needs.


  • Water: Essential for life, important for hydration and bodily functions.
  • Weight Control: Managing a dog’s diet and exercise to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Whole Grains: Grains containing the entire grain kernel, used in some dog foods.
  • Worming: Regular treatment for internal parasites, part of general health care.


  • Xylitol: A sugar substitute toxic to dogs, to be avoided in their diet.


  • Yeast Infection: A common skin condition that can be influenced by a dog’s diet.
  • Yogurt: Sometimes used as a probiotic source in dog diets, but should be plain and free from artificial sweeteners.


  • Zinc: An essential mineral for immune function and skin health.
  • Zoonotic Diseases: Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans, relevant in overall pet care.