Common Health Issues and Concerns for Alaskan Malamutes

Common Health Issues and Concerns for Alaskan Malamutes

If you are a proud owner or considering getting an Alaskan Malamute, it is crucial to be aware of the common health issues and concerns that may affect this magnificent breed. Alaskan Malamutes are known for their strength, endurance, and friendly nature, but like any other dog, they are prone to certain health conditions. By understanding and proactively addressing these potential issues, you can ensure your beloved Alaskan Malamute lives a happy and healthy life. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues and concerns that Alaskan Malamutes may face, providing you with valuable insights and tips to keep your furry companion in top shape.

Common Health Issues for Alaskan Malamutes

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common health issue that affects Alaskan Malamutes. It is a condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to instability and eventually arthritis. This genetic condition can cause pain, lameness, and difficulty in walking or running. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight can help manage hip dysplasia in Alaskan Malamutes. Regular veterinarian check-ups and early detection are crucial in providing appropriate treatment options, such as medication, physical therapy, or even surgery if necessary.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is another health concern for Alaskan Malamutes. PRA is a degenerative eye disease that gradually leads to vision loss and can eventually result in blindness. Alaskan Malamutes with PRA may initially experience night blindness or difficulty seeing in low light conditions. As the disease progresses, they may lose their peripheral vision and eventually their central vision. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect PRA early on. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for PRA, but supportive care and lifestyle adjustments can help improve the quality of life for affected Alaskan Malamutes.


Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder in Alaskan Malamutes. It occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to a range of symptoms. Some common signs of hypothyroidism in Alaskan Malamutes include weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, dry skin, and intolerance to cold temperatures. A blood test can confirm the diagnosis, and treatment usually involves lifelong hormone replacement therapy. With proper medication and regular monitoring, Alaskan Malamutes with hypothyroidism can lead healthy and normal lives.

In conclusion, Alaskan Malamutes are prone to several common health issues, including hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and hypothyroidism. It is important for owners to be aware of these conditions, provide necessary preventive care, and seek veterinary assistance at the first sign of any health concerns. Regular check-ups, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle can help ensure the well-being and longevity of these beautiful dogs.

Diet and Nutrition Concerns


Obesity is a common health issue that affects Alaskan Malamutes. Due to their large size and love for food, they are prone to weight gain if not given a well-balanced diet. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for their overall well-being and can help prevent various health problems.

To prevent obesity in Alaskan Malamutes, it is important to feed them a proper diet that meets their nutritional needs without excessive calorie intake. Portion control is essential, and it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian to determine the ideal amount of food based on their age, size, and activity level.

Regular exercise is also vital in managing their weight. Daily walks, playtime, and engaging in activities that stimulate their physical and mental abilities can help keep them fit and prevent weight gain.

Food Allergies

Alaskan Malamutes may also suffer from food allergies, which can cause various health issues. These allergies can manifest as skin irritations, gastrointestinal problems, or even behavioral changes. Identifying and eliminating the allergen from their diet is essential to alleviate their symptoms and improve their overall health.

If you suspect your Alaskan Malamute has a food allergy, it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian. They can conduct tests or recommend an elimination diet to pinpoint the specific allergen. Once identified, it is important to avoid feeding your dog any food containing that particular allergen. Common food allergens for dogs include beef, chicken, wheat, soy, and dairy products.

Switching to a hypoallergenic or limited ingredient diet can also be beneficial for Alaskan Malamutes with food allergies. These specialized diets are formulated to minimize the risk of triggering allergic reactions and provide the necessary nutrients for their well-being.


Bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), is a serious health concern for Alaskan Malamutes. It is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the stomach twists, trapping gas and food inside. This can lead to reduced blood flow to the stomach and other vital organs, causing severe pain and potentially fatal consequences if not treated promptly.

To prevent bloat in Alaskan Malamutes, it is important to take certain precautions. Avoid feeding them large meals in one sitting and instead divide their daily food intake into multiple smaller meals. Additionally, it is recommended to avoid vigorous exercise immediately before or after meals, as it can increase the risk of bloat.

Using elevated feeding bowls and providing them with a calm and stress-free eating environment can also help reduce the likelihood of bloat. If you notice any symptoms such as restlessness, unsuccessful attempts to vomit, or a distended abdomen, seek immediate veterinary attention as these could be signs of bloat.

By being mindful of their diet and nutrition, addressing food allergies, and taking precautions to prevent bloat, you can ensure the overall health and well-being of your Alaskan Malamute. Remember, consulting with a veterinarian is always recommended to tailor their diet and address any specific concerns or health issues they may have.

Exercise and Fitness

Exercise Requirements

Alaskan Malamutes are known for their high energy levels and need plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. These dogs were bred to be working dogs and have a strong instinct to be active. As such, it is important to provide them with regular exercise to prevent them from becoming bored or destructive.

Aim to give your Alaskan Malamute at least 30 minutes to 1 hour of exercise every day. This can include activities such as brisk walks, jogging, hiking, or playing fetch in a securely fenced area. Mental stimulation is also crucial, so consider incorporating obedience training, puzzle toys, or interactive games into their exercise routine.

Heat Sensitivity

Despite their thick double coat, Alaskan Malamutes are sensitive to heat and can easily overheat. It is vital to be cautious when exercising them in warm weather, particularly during the summer months.

When the temperature rises, avoid exercising your Alaskan Malamute during the hottest parts of the day. Instead, opt for early morning or late evening walks when the weather is cooler. Always provide access to fresh water and shade during outdoor activities. Additionally, be mindful of signs of heatstroke, such as excessive panting, drooling, or lethargy. If your Malamute exhibits these symptoms, immediately move them to a cool area and seek veterinary assistance.


While Alaskan Malamutes require regular exercise, it is crucial not to overexert them. These dogs have a strong work ethic, and they may push themselves beyond their limits if not monitored closely.

Pay attention to your Malamute’s cues and body language during exercise. If they start to slow down, excessively pant, or show signs of fatigue, it is essential to take a break and allow them to rest. Overexertion can lead to injuries, muscle strains, or heatstroke.

Remember to gradually increase the intensity and duration of exercise over time. Start with shorter walks or play sessions and gradually build up their endurance. This will help avoid sudden strain on their muscles and joints.

By providing adequate exercise, considering their heat sensitivity, and avoiding overexertion, you can ensure that your Alaskan Malamute maintains optimal fitness and overall health.

Grooming and Coat Care

Alaskan Malamutes are known for their thick and double-layered coat, which requires regular grooming and care to maintain its health and appearance. Proper grooming not only keeps the coat clean and free from tangles but also helps prevent skin issues and shedding problems. In this section, we will discuss shedding, coat maintenance, and common skin conditions that Alaskan Malamutes may experience.


Shedding is a natural process for Alaskan Malamutes, especially during seasonal changes. These dogs have a dense undercoat that helps them stay warm in cold climates. However, when the seasons change, they undergo a shedding phase to adjust to the temperature variations. It is essential to be prepared for increased shedding during these periods.

To manage shedding, regular brushing is crucial. Use a slicker brush or an undercoat rake to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Brushing your Alaskan Malamute at least once or twice a week will help reduce the amount of hair they shed around the house. Additionally, a deshedding tool can be effective in removing the loose undercoat without damaging the topcoat. Remember to be gentle while brushing to avoid discomfort or skin irritation.

Coat Maintenance

Apart from shedding, Alaskan Malamutes’ coats require routine care to keep them healthy and shiny. Here are some tips for coat maintenance:

  1. Bathing: Alaskan Malamutes do not need frequent baths unless they get exceptionally dirty. Over-bathing can strip their coat of natural oils, leading to dryness and skin problems. Use a dog-specific shampoo and conditioner when necessary, and make sure to thoroughly rinse off all the products.

  2. Nail Trimming: Regular nail trimming is essential to prevent discomfort and potential injury for your Alaskan Malamute. Long nails can also cause difficulty in walking and may lead to joint problems. If you are not confident in trimming the nails yourself, consult a professional groomer or your veterinarian.

  3. Ear Cleaning: Due to their dense fur, Alaskan Malamutes can be prone to ear infections. Check their ears regularly for any signs of redness, discharge, or foul odor. Clean their ears using a dog-specific ear cleaner and cotton balls, being careful not to insert anything deep into the ear canal.

  4. Teeth Care: Maintaining good dental hygiene is crucial for your dog’s overall health. Regularly brushing your Alaskan Malamute’s teeth with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste can help prevent tartar buildup, gum disease, and other dental issues.

Skin Conditions

Alaskan Malamutes may be susceptible to certain skin conditions, including allergies, dry skin, and hot spots. These can cause discomfort and itchiness for your dog. If you notice any signs of skin problems such as redness, excessive scratching, or hair loss, it is important to consult with a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Preventing skin conditions can be achieved through proper grooming and coat care. Regular brushing helps remove dirt, debris, and dead skin cells, promoting a healthier coat and reducing the risk of skin issues. Additionally, providing a balanced diet, keeping your dog hydrated, and avoiding harsh chemicals or irritants in their environment can contribute to maintaining healthy skin.

In conclusion, grooming and coat care are vital aspects of Alaskan Malamute ownership. By understanding the shedding process, following proper coat maintenance routines, and being vigilant about potential skin conditions, you can ensure that your furry companion remains comfortable and healthy with a beautiful coat.

Behavioral Issues and Training

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a common behavioral issue that Alaskan Malamutes may experience. These dogs are pack animals and have a strong bond with their owners or families. When left alone for extended periods, they can become anxious and stressed, leading to various problematic behaviors.

Signs of separation anxiety in Alaskan Malamutes include excessive barking, howling, digging, chewing furniture or belongings, and even self-harm. To address this issue, it is important to gradually desensitize your Malamute to being alone. Start by leaving them alone for short periods and gradually increase the duration over time. Providing them with engaging toys, comfortable resting areas, and interactive puzzles can help keep them occupied and alleviate separation anxiety.

Additionally, creating a positive association with your departure and arrival can help alleviate their anxiety. Use treats or rewards when leaving or returning home to reinforce positive behavior and reduce their stress levels. Seeking professional help from a certified dog trainer or behaviorist may also be beneficial in severe cases of separation anxiety.


While Alaskan Malamutes are generally friendly and gentle dogs, they can display aggression under certain circumstances. Aggression in Malamutes can be directed towards other animals, strangers, or even family members. It is important to address this behavior early on to ensure a safe and harmonious environment for everyone involved.

Understanding the underlying triggers for aggression is crucial in addressing this issue. Aggression in Alaskan Malamutes can stem from fear, territorial instincts, resource guarding, or inadequate socialization. Identifying the specific cause can help tailor the training and behavior modification techniques accordingly.

Consulting with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist experienced in dealing with aggressive behavior is highly recommended. They can guide you through the process of desensitization, counter-conditioning, and positive reinforcement training to modify your Malamute’s aggressive behavior. It is important to remember that aggression should never be tackled through punishment or force, as it can escalate the problem and potentially harm the dog or others involved.

Destructive Behaviors

Alaskan Malamutes are energetic and intelligent dogs that require mental and physical stimulation. When they don’t receive adequate exercise or mental enrichment, they may resort to destructive behaviors as a way to relieve their boredom or excess energy.

Common destructive behaviors exhibited by Malamutes include chewing furniture, digging up the yard, or excessive barking. To prevent such behaviors, it is essential to provide them with regular exercise through activities like walks, jogging, or playing fetch. Mental stimulation can be achieved through interactive toys, puzzle feeders, or obedience training sessions.

If your Alaskan Malamute displays destructive behaviors, it is crucial to redirect their energy towards appropriate outlets. Providing them with designated chew toys and bones can help satisfy their natural urge to chew. Additionally, crate training can be beneficial to create a safe and secure space for your Malamute when you are unable to supervise them.

Consistency and positive reinforcement are key when addressing destructive behaviors. Rewarding good behavior and redirecting their attention when engaging in destructive acts will help them understand what is acceptable and what is not. Seeking guidance from a professional dog trainer can provide you with additional strategies and techniques to manage and prevent destructive behaviors in your Alaskan Malamute.

In conclusion, it is important for Alaskan Malamute owners to be aware of the common health issues and concerns that may affect their beloved pets. By understanding these potential issues and taking proactive measures to prevent them, such as regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, and regular exercise, owners can help ensure the overall well-being and longevity of their Alaskan Malamutes. Additionally, early detection and prompt treatment of any health concerns can significantly improve the quality of life for these beautiful and loyal companions. With proper care and attention, Alaskan Malamutes can lead happy and healthy lives for many years to come.