Belgian Laekenois


  • Height: 22 to 26 inches
  • Weight: 55 to 65 pounds
  • Life Span: 10 to 12 years
  • Diet: Omnivorous (quality commercial dog food designed for medium to large breeds)

Belgian Laekenois Overview:

The Belgian Laekenois is one of four Belgian shepherd dogs, distinguished mainly by its rough and curly coat. Named after the Belgian town of Laeken, this breed is a versatile working dog, used for herding, guarding, and even serving in police and military work.

They are highly intelligent, alert, and energetic dogs with a natural protective instinct. The Laekenois is both loving and loyal to its family, and their intelligence and versatility make them suitable for various dog sports and work-related tasks.

Belgian Laekenois Highlights:

The Belgian Laekenois’s coat is a significant highlight, being rough and curly, providing protection against various weather conditions. This coat not only adds to their unique appearance but also offers practical benefits.

They are also renowned for their intelligence and agility, often excelling in obedience, agility trials, and other dog sports. The breed’s versatility and trainable nature make them suitable for various roles, including police work, search and rescue, and therapy.

Belgian Laekenois Evolution and History:

The Belgian Laekenois has its roots in Belgium, where they were initially used for herding and guarding livestock. They were also employed by the Royal family to guard the Royal Palace of Laeken, leading to their name.

During World War I, the Laekenois served as messengers and ambulance dogs. They have evolved from a shepherd dog to a multi-purpose working dog, and their intelligence and adaptability have played a significant role in this evolution.

Belgian Laekenois Size and Weight:

The Belgian Laekenois is a medium to large dog, standing between 22 to 26 inches tall and weighing between 55 to 65 pounds. Males are generally slightly larger and more robust than females.

Despite their working dog heritage, they are elegant and well-proportioned, exhibiting strength without bulkiness. They possess a proud and graceful appearance, with their unique coat adding to their visual appeal.

Belgian Laekenois Personality:

The Belgian Laekenois has a vibrant and attentive personality. They are known for their intelligence and keen senses, making them highly responsive to their surroundings.

Loyal to their families, they are affectionate without being overly clingy. Their intelligence can make them somewhat independent, but they generally strive to please their owners, forming strong bonds with those they trust.

The Adaptability of the Belgian Laekenois:

The Belgian Laekenois is quite adaptable and can thrive in different living environments, provided they are given enough mental and physical stimulation. They are best suited for a home with a yard but can adapt to urban living with adequate exercise.

Their coat provides protection against various weather conditions, and they are comfortable both indoors and outdoors. Socialization from an early age helps them to adapt to different people and situations.

Belgian Laekenois Temperament:

The temperament of the Belgian Laekenois is marked by alertness, intelligence, and loyalty. They are naturally protective, which makes them excellent watchdogs, but they are not prone to unnecessary aggression.

They are generally reserved with strangers but warm and affectionate with their families. Their temperament makes them suitable for various working roles and as family companions, especially when properly trained and socialized.

Belgian Laekenois Maintenance and Grooming:

The rough and curly coat of the Laekenois requires regular grooming to prevent matting and manage shedding. Brushing once or twice a week is usually sufficient, with more frequent grooming during shedding seasons.

They do not need frequent baths, and other routine care like nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care should be part of their maintenance routine. Their grooming needs are moderate but require consistent attention.

The Trainability of the Belgian Laekenois:

The Belgian Laekenois is highly trainable, thanks to its intelligence and desire to please. They respond well to positive reinforcement methods, and their agility and responsiveness make them excellent in obedience and agility training.

Early socialization and training are essential, as their intelligence can lead to stubbornness if not properly guided. They excel in various dog sports and work-related tasks, reflecting their trainable nature.

Exercise Needs of the Belgian Laekenois:

The Laekenois is an active breed that requires regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are necessary to satisfy their energy levels.

Participation in dog sports or regular training sessions can provide both physical exercise and mental engagement. Without sufficient activity, they may become restless and develop behavioral issues.

Belgian Laekenois Health:

The Belgian Laekenois is generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues:

  • Hip Dysplasia: Regular check-ups and weight management can mitigate the risk.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: This is another joint issue that may affect the breed, requiring careful monitoring and potentially surgery.
  • Eye Conditions: Regular eye examinations can detect and manage potential eye problems.
  • Allergies: Allergies can lead to skin issues, so proper diet and care are crucial.
  • Epilepsy: Although rare, epilepsy can occur, and management includes medication and regular veterinary care.

Belgian Laekenois Care:

Caring for a Belgian Laekenois involves meeting their mental, physical, and emotional needs. Regular exercise, mental stimulation, and a loving home environment are vital.

They need structure and consistent training, and being part of the family activities is essential for their well-being. Regular veterinary care and a proper diet will contribute to their overall health.

Belgian Laekenois Feeding:

Feeding a Belgian Laekenois requires attention to their specific needs based on age, weight, activity level, and overall health. A balanced diet with high-quality commercial food or a carefully planned homemade diet will provide the necessary nutrients.

Portion control and regular feeding schedules help maintain their ideal weight and support their active lifestyle.

Belgian Laekenois Coat Color and Grooming:

The Laekenois’s coat is rough and curly, usually in shades of red or fawn with traces of black. Regular brushing helps prevent matting and controls shedding.

Their grooming is relatively straightforward but requires consistency to keep the coat healthy and attractive. Regular check-ups for skin conditions are also essential.

Belgian Laekenois and Children:

The Belgian Laekenois can be a wonderful family pet and gets along well with children. Their protective nature and affection make them suitable companions.

Supervision with younger children is advisable, as their size and energy may be overwhelming. Early socialization and proper training will promote a positive relationship between the Laekenois and children in the household.

Belgian Laekenois and Other Pets:

The Belgian Laekenois generally coexists well with other pets, particularly if socialized early. Their herding instinct might lead to chasing smaller animals, so supervision and training are vital.

With proper introductions and management, they can live harmoniously with other dogs and even cats in the household.

Similar Dogs:

  • Belgian Malinois: Shares similar temperament, intelligence, and appearance, though with a different coat type.
  • Belgian Tervuren: Another of the Belgian Shepherd breeds, the Tervuren has a long, luxurious coat but shares the Laekenois’s intelligence and adaptability.
  • German Shepherd: Known for intelligence, loyalty, and working ability, the German Shepherd shares many characteristics with the Laekenois, making them similar in various roles and family life.

The Belgian Laekenois’s unique appearance, intelligence, and versatility make them a fascinating and rewarding breed. Proper understanding, training, and care will enable a fulfilling relationship with this remarkable dog, whether as a working partner or a loyal family companion.