Akita vs Golden Retriever: Choosing Between Two Popular Breeds

Akita vs Golden Retriever: Choosing Between Two Popular Breeds

Are you torn between getting an Akita or a Golden Retriever as your new furry companion? Look no further! In this article, we will discuss the key differences between these two popular dog breeds, helping you make an informed decision. Whether you are looking for a loyal and protective dog or a friendly and affectionate one, we will explore the temperament, exercise needs, grooming requirements, and more to guide you in choosing the perfect breed for your lifestyle. Read on to discover which breed is the best fit for you and your family.


Physical characteristics of Akita

The Akita is a large and powerful dog breed with a distinctive appearance. Here are some key physical characteristics of the Akita:

  • Size: Akita is a large breed, with males typically weighing between 100-130 pounds and females weighing between 70-100 pounds. They stand at a height of 24-28 inches at the shoulder.
  • Build: Akita has a strong and sturdy build with a well-muscled body. They have a broad chest, straight back, and strong legs.
  • Head: Akita has a large, bear-like head with a broad skull. They have small, triangular-shaped eyes that are dark brown in color. Their ears are thick, erect, and set wide apart.
  • Coat: The Akita has a double coat with a soft, dense undercoat and a harsh, straight outer coat. Their coat comes in various colors including white, brindle, and various shades of red.
  • Tail: The Akita has a thick and curled tail that rests over their back, adding to their regal appearance.

Physical characteristics of Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a medium to large-sized breed known for its friendly and intelligent nature. Here are some physical characteristics of the Golden Retriever:

  • Size: Golden Retrievers are medium to large-sized dogs, with males weighing between 65-75 pounds and females weighing between 55-65 pounds. They stand at a height of 21.5-24 inches at the shoulder.
  • Build: Golden Retrievers have a well-balanced and muscular build. They have a broad chest, straight back, and sturdy legs.
  • Head: Golden Retrievers have a broad and slightly rounded head with a gentle and intelligent expression. They have medium-sized, dark brown eyes that are set well apart. Their ears are moderate in size and hang down close to their head.
  • Coat: The Golden Retriever has a dense, water-repellent double coat with a soft and thick undercoat and a wavy or straight outer coat. Their coat is usually golden in color, ranging from a light cream to a rich golden shade.
  • Tail: Golden Retrievers have a long and muscular tail that is carried with a slight upward curve.

Both the Akita and Golden Retriever have unique physical characteristics that contribute to their overall appearance. While the Akita is more robust and bear-like, the Golden Retriever has a more friendly and gentle expression.


Personality traits of Akita

Akita dogs are known for their strong and independent personalities. They are often described as courageous, alert, and loyal. Akitas are confident and self-assured, making them excellent guard dogs. They are also known for their quiet and calm nature, making them great companions for families. Despite their reserved nature, Akitas can be affectionate and loyal to their owners. However, it is important to note that Akitas can be wary of strangers and may exhibit aggressive behavior if not properly socialized and trained.

Personality traits of Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers are renowned for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are often described as intelligent, gentle, and obedient. Golden Retrievers are known to be highly adaptable and are often used as therapy dogs or search and rescue dogs due to their calm and patient demeanor. They are great with children and other pets, making them an ideal family dog. Golden Retrievers thrive on human companionship and are eager to please, making them easy to train. They are also known for their playful and fun-loving nature, always ready for a game of fetch or a swim in the water.

Overall, both the Akita and Golden Retriever have unique personality traits that make them popular breeds. It ultimately depends on your lifestyle and preferences when choosing between these two wonderful breeds.

Exercise and Activity

Activity level of Akita

The Akita is known for its moderate activity level. While they are not excessively energetic dogs, they still require regular exercise to stay happy and healthy. Akitas enjoy daily walks and playtime in a secure, fenced-in yard. They also benefit from mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys or training sessions, to keep their minds engaged. However, it is important to note that Akitas have a strong prey drive, so they should always be kept on a leash or in a securely enclosed area to prevent them from chasing after small animals.

Activity level of Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers, on the other hand, are highly active dogs. They have a lot of energy and love to be involved in various activities. They thrive on regular exercise and enjoy long walks, jogging, swimming, and playing fetch. Golden Retrievers are often used as working dogs and excel in activities such as obedience, agility, and search and rescue. They also love to participate in outdoor adventures with their families, making them great companions for active individuals or families who enjoy an active lifestyle.

Exercise requirements for both breeds

Both Akitas and Golden Retrievers have specific exercise requirements that need to be met to ensure their overall well-being.

For Akitas, a daily walk of around 30 to 60 minutes is usually sufficient to meet their exercise needs. However, it is important to remember that Akitas are a large and powerful breed, so they benefit from additional mental and physical stimulation. Engaging them in activities like obedience training, agility, or even hiking can help keep them physically and mentally fit.

Golden Retrievers, on the other hand, require more exercise compared to Akitas. They should ideally have at least 60 to 90 minutes of physical activity every day. This can be achieved through a combination of walks, playtime, and engaging in activities that utilize their intelligence and energy. Golden Retrievers thrive when given opportunities to swim, retrieve objects, and participate in organized activities like obedience training or agility.

In conclusion, while both the Akita and Golden Retriever have different activity levels, it is crucial to provide them with the appropriate amount of exercise and mental stimulation. Regular exercise not only helps maintain their physical health but also contributes to their overall happiness and well-being.

Training and Intelligence

Trainability of Akita

When it comes to training, Akita dogs can be a bit challenging due to their independent nature. They are known for their strong will and can be stubborn at times. However, with the right approach and consistency, Akita dogs can be successfully trained. It is essential to start their training from a young age and use positive reinforcement techniques. Akitas respond well to rewards-based training, where they are praised and rewarded with treats for good behavior. It is important to establish yourself as the pack leader and be firm and consistent in your training methods.

Trainability of Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers, on the other hand, are known for their high trainability. They are intelligent and eager to please their owners, making them a breeze to train. Golden Retrievers are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. They thrive on praise and rewards, and training sessions can be enjoyable for both the dog and the owner. Golden Retrievers excel in obedience training and are often used as service dogs, therapy dogs, and search and rescue dogs due to their trainability and intelligence.

Comparison of Intelligence

When comparing the intelligence of Akita and Golden Retriever, it is important to consider their different traits and characteristics. Both breeds are intelligent in their own ways, but they have distinct personalities that can affect their trainability.

Akitas are known for their independent thinking and can be more aloof compared to Golden Retrievers. They have a strong sense of self and may not always be motivated by pleasing their owners. This independent nature can sometimes make them less eager to follow commands and can require more patience and consistency during training sessions.

On the other hand, Golden Retrievers are highly sociable and have a strong desire to please their owners. They are quick learners and tend to excel in obedience training. Their intelligence combined with their friendly and outgoing nature makes them highly trainable and adaptable to various training techniques.

In conclusion, while both Akita and Golden Retriever are intelligent breeds, Golden Retrievers generally have a higher trainability due to their eagerness to please and sociable nature. However, with proper training techniques and consistency, Akitas can also be successfully trained and become obedient companions.

Health and Lifespan

Common health issues in Akita

Akita dogs are generally healthy and robust, but like any breed, they can be prone to certain health issues. It is important for potential owners to be aware of these conditions in order to provide proper care and attention to their Akita. Some common health issues seen in Akitas include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing discomfort and difficulty in movement.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is a degenerative eye disease that leads to vision loss and can eventually cause blindness.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a hormonal disorder where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to various symptoms such as weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems.
  • Autoimmune Disorders: Akitas are prone to certain autoimmune diseases, such as autoimmune thyroiditis and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia.

While these conditions can occur in Akitas, responsible breeders conduct health screenings and genetic testing to minimize the risk of these issues in their breeding lines. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper exercise are essential to maintaining the overall health and well-being of your Akita.

Common health issues in Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers are generally healthy dogs with a friendly and sociable nature. However, they are also prone to certain health issues that potential owners should be aware of. Some common health issues seen in Golden Retrievers include:

  • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia: Similar to Akitas, Golden Retrievers can also develop hip and elbow dysplasia, which can cause discomfort and mobility issues.
  • Cancer: Unfortunately, cancer is a prevalent health concern in Golden Retrievers. Various types of cancer, such as lymphoma and mast cell tumors, can affect these dogs.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): Just like Akitas, Golden Retrievers can also be affected by PRA, leading to progressive vision loss.
  • Hypothyroidism: This hormonal disorder can also occur in Golden Retrievers, causing similar symptoms as mentioned earlier.

Responsible breeders of Golden Retrievers also prioritize health screenings and genetic testing to minimize the risk of these issues in their breeding lines. Regular vet check-ups, a nutritious diet, and regular exercise are crucial for maintaining the overall health and happiness of your Golden Retriever.

Lifespan of both breeds

The lifespan of both Akitas and Golden Retrievers can vary depending on several factors, including genetics, overall health, and lifestyle. On average, Akitas typically live between 10 to 15 years, with some individuals living even longer if provided with proper care.

Golden Retrievers have a slightly shorter lifespan, averaging between 10 to 12 years. However, with advances in veterinary medicine and improved care, it is not uncommon for some Golden Retrievers to live beyond their expected lifespan.

It’s important to note that these figures are averages and individual dogs may have shorter or longer lifespans based on various factors. Providing a healthy diet, regular exercise, routine vet care, and a loving environment can significantly contribute to the longevity and well-being of both Akitas and Golden Retrievers.

Grooming and Maintenance

Coat care for Akita

The Akita breed has a dense and double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. Here are some tips for maintaining the coat of your Akita:

  • Brushing: Brush your Akita’s coat at least once a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. A slicker brush or a pin brush can be used to effectively remove tangles and keep the coat looking neat.
  • Bathing: Akitas have a natural self-cleaning coat, so they do not require frequent baths. However, when necessary, use a mild dog shampoo and ensure thorough rinsing to prevent any product residue from causing skin irritation.
  • Shedding: Akitas are moderate shedders, and they undergo a seasonal heavy shedding twice a year. During these shedding periods, more frequent brushing is recommended to remove the dead hair and minimize fur around your home.
  • Coat protection: Akitas have a weather-resistant outer coat, and it is important to protect it from harsh elements. Limit their exposure to extreme temperatures and consider using a doggy sweater or coat during colder months to keep them warm.

Coat care for Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers have a beautiful, dense, and water-repellent coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and prevent matting. Here are some coat care tips for your Golden Retriever:

  • Brushing: Golden Retrievers have a thick double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. Regular brushing with a slicker brush or a grooming rake is essential to remove loose hair, prevent tangles, and distribute natural oils for a healthy coat.
  • Bathing: Golden Retrievers should be bathed every few months or as needed. Use a mild dog shampoo and ensure thorough rinsing to avoid any skin irritation. It is important to keep their ears dry during bathing to prevent infections.
  • Shedding: Golden Retrievers are known for shedding heavily, especially during seasonal changes. Daily brushing during these periods is recommended to keep loose hair under control and minimize shedding around your home.
  • Coat protection: Golden Retrievers love water, and their coat is designed to be water-resistant. However, excessive exposure to moisture can lead to matting and skin issues. Dry them thoroughly after swimming or baths, and consider using a coat conditioner or detangler to keep their fur manageable.

Other grooming needs

Apart from coat care, both the Akita and Golden Retriever have additional grooming needs that should not be overlooked:

  • Nail trimming: Regular nail trims are necessary to prevent discomfort and potential injuries. Trim their nails every few weeks, or as needed, using a dog nail clipper or grinder to maintain a comfortable length.
  • Ear cleaning: Akitas and Golden Retrievers are prone to ear infections, so it is crucial to regularly inspect and clean their ears. Use a veterinarian-approved ear cleaning solution and gently wipe the outer ear using a cotton ball or a soft cloth.
  • Teeth brushing: Dental hygiene is important to maintain your dog’s overall health. Brush their teeth regularly with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste to prevent tartar buildup and gum disease.
  • Eye care: Both breeds may be prone to eye issues, such as infections or tear staining. Clean their eyes with a damp cloth, and if any redness or discharge occurs, consult a veterinarian for proper treatment.

By following these grooming tips and addressing their specific needs, you can ensure that your Akita or Golden Retriever looks and feels their best, promoting a happy and healthy life for your beloved companion.

In conclusion, deciding between an Akita and a Golden Retriever can be a tough choice, as both breeds offer their own unique set of qualities and characteristics. While the Akita is known for its loyalty, strength, and protective nature, the Golden Retriever is cherished for its friendly demeanor, intelligence, and versatility. Ultimately, the decision should be based on individual preferences and lifestyle factors. Whether you are seeking a loyal and protective companion or a friendly and adaptable family pet, both the Akita and Golden Retriever can make wonderful additions to any home. It is important to thoroughly research and consider the specific needs and requirements of each breed, as well as to spend time interacting with individual dogs, before making a final decision.