Afghan Hound vs. Saluki: Which Breed is Right for You?

Afghan Hound vs. Saluki: Which Breed is Right for You?

Are you looking to bring a new furry friend into your home but can’t decide between an Afghan Hound and a Saluki? Choosing the right breed of dog is an important decision that requires careful consideration. Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are elegant and graceful breeds, but they have distinct differences in temperament, exercise needs, and grooming requirements. In this article, we will compare the Afghan Hound and the Saluki to help you determine which breed is the right fit for you and your lifestyle. Read on to find out more!

Physical Characteristics

Size and Weight

When it comes to comparing the Afghan Hound and the Saluki, their physical characteristics play a crucial role in determining which breed is right for you. One significant aspect to consider is their size and weight.

The Afghan Hound is a large breed, known for its elegant and majestic appearance. On average, males can reach a height of 27 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 60 to 75 pounds. Females are slightly smaller, standing at around 25 inches and weighing between 50 to 65 pounds. Their sturdy build and muscular physique make Afghan Hounds an impressive sight.

On the other hand, the Saluki is slightly smaller in size but equally graceful. Males typically stand between 23 to 28 inches tall and weigh around 50 to 65 pounds. Females are generally smaller, measuring between 21 to 26 inches in height and weighing approximately 40 to 55 pounds. Despite their slim and slender appearance, Salukis possess remarkable agility and endurance.


Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki have distinctive coats that require proper care and grooming. Understanding their coat characteristics can help you decide which breed better suits your lifestyle.

The Afghan Hound’s coat is long, silky, and flowing, giving them a regal and luxurious look. Their hair requires regular brushing and maintenance to prevent tangles and matting. Afghan Hounds also have a thick undercoat, which provides insulation in colder climates. Their coat comes in various colors, including black, cream, brindle, and red, adding to their overall charm.

In contrast, the Saluki boasts a short and smooth coat that is easy to manage. Although they shed moderately, periodic brushing helps keep their coat healthy and tidy. Salukis have a unique feature called "feathers" on their ears, legs, and tail, which adds a touch of elegance to their appearance. They come in a wide range of colors, such as white, cream, fawn, and black, often with varying combinations and markings.


Color is another aspect to consider when choosing between an Afghan Hound and a Saluki. While both breeds exhibit a diverse range of hues, there are some differences worth noting.

Afghan Hounds display a stunning array of colors, including shades of black, white, cream, silver, and various patterns of brindle. Some Afghan Hounds even have a black mask or markings on their face, enhancing their striking appearance. No matter the color, Afghan Hounds radiate elegance and sophistication.

Salukis also come in a variety of colors, offering a wide selection for potential owners. Their coat colors can range from solid white, cream, and fawn to various shades of black. Salukis may have markings or patterns, such as brindle or black-tipped hairs, which contribute to their unique and beautiful coat patterns.

Considering the physical characteristics, size, weight, coat type, and color of both Afghan Hounds and Salukis can help you make an informed decision about which breed aligns best with your preferences and lifestyle. Whether you are captivated by the Afghan Hound’s majestic allure or the Saluki’s graceful charm, both breeds are undeniably stunning in their own distinct ways.

Temperament and Personality

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is known for its dignified and aloof personality. This breed is often described as independent, intelligent, and somewhat reserved when it comes to their interactions with strangers. Afghan Hounds have a calm and quiet nature, rarely displaying aggression or being overly excitable.

Their temperament is often compared to that of a cat, as they are known to be somewhat aloof and may not always seek constant attention or affection. Afghan Hounds are generally not considered to be overly demanding or clingy. However, they are known to form strong bonds with their families and can be deeply loyal and affectionate towards their loved ones.

Due to their independent nature, Afghan Hounds may not always be the most obedient breed. They can be stubborn at times and may require patient and consistent training. Socialization from an early age is important to ensure they grow up to be well-adjusted and friendly towards other animals and people.


The Saluki is a breed known for its gentle and affectionate temperament. Salukis are often described as graceful, reserved, and dignified. They are typically friendly and good-natured, making them great family pets.

Unlike Afghan Hounds, Salukis are generally more outgoing and sociable. They tend to enjoy the company of their families and are known to be loyal and devoted companions. Salukis are often described as sensitive and in tune with their owner’s emotions, making them excellent empathetic partners.

While they are generally good with children and other pets, early socialization is still important to ensure they are well-behaved and comfortable in various situations. Salukis have a strong prey drive due to their hunting background, so it is essential to ensure they are properly trained and supervised when off-leash.

Overall, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki have distinct temperaments and personalities. Choosing the right breed for you depends on your preferences and lifestyle. If you are looking for a more independent and reserved companion, the Afghan Hound may be the right choice. On the other hand, if you desire a friendly and affectionate companion who loves to be part of your family activities, the Saluki might be the better fit.

Exercise and Training

Activity Level

Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are known for their high activity levels. These breeds are not suitable for couch potatoes or people who prefer a sedentary lifestyle. If you are looking for a dog that will keep you on your toes and enjoy an active lifestyle, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are great options.

The Afghan Hound is a highly energetic breed that requires a lot of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. They love to run and play, so providing them with ample opportunities to burn off their energy is crucial. Regular walks or jogs, trips to the dog park, or engaging in activities like agility or lure coursing are great ways to keep an Afghan Hound entertained and physically fit.

Similarly, the Saluki is also a breed that thrives on physical activity. They have a strong prey drive and are known for their incredible speed and endurance. Daily exercise is a must for this breed, and they excel in activities such as lure coursing, long walks, or even participating in dog sports like flyball or obedience trials.

Training Needs

Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are intelligent breeds, but they can be independent thinkers. This means that training may require some patience and consistency. However, with the right approach, these breeds can be trained effectively.

The Afghan Hound can be a bit stubborn at times, so positive reinforcement techniques work best with this breed. They respond well to treats, praise, and rewards. It’s important to keep training sessions short and engaging to hold their attention. Afghan Hounds thrive with a gentle and patient approach, and consistency is key to their success.

Similarly, the Saluki is a sensitive breed that responds well to positive reinforcement methods. Harsh training methods or punishment can be counterproductive with this breed. They require a calm and patient trainer who can motivate them with rewards and praise. Consistency and repetition are important for their training progress.

In conclusion, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki have high activity levels and require regular exercise to stay physically and mentally stimulated. While they may have independent streaks in their personalities, positive reinforcement training techniques can help them become well-behaved and obedient companions.

Grooming and Maintenance

When considering which breed of dog is right for you, it is essential to take into account the grooming and maintenance requirements. Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki have specific grooming needs that potential owners should be aware of. In this section, we will discuss the grooming requirements, shedding tendencies, and health concerns associated with these two breeds.

Grooming Requirements

The Afghan Hound and the Saluki have long, flowing coats that require regular grooming to keep them looking their best. However, there are slight differences in the grooming routines for each breed.

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is known for its luxurious, silky coat that requires extensive grooming to keep it in top condition. Their coat can easily become tangled and matted, so daily brushing is necessary to prevent any discomfort or skin issues. Regular bathing is also recommended to keep their coat clean and free from dirt or debris. Additionally, their ears should be checked and cleaned regularly to prevent ear infections.


Compared to the Afghan Hound, the Saluki has a shorter coat that is relatively easier to maintain. While they don’t require as much brushing, weekly grooming is still necessary to keep their coat healthy and free from tangles. Regular bathing is recommended, but not as frequently as with the Afghan Hound. It is also important to check their ears regularly and keep them clean to avoid any potential infections.


When it comes to shedding, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are considered moderate to high shedding breeds. However, there are some differences in their shedding patterns.

The Afghan Hound tends to shed more throughout the year, and their long hair can be found on furniture, clothes, and other surfaces. Regular brushing can help minimize shedding, but it is important to be prepared for some level of hair in your home.

On the other hand, the Saluki sheds less compared to the Afghan Hound. While they still shed, their shorter coat makes it easier to manage. Regular brushing can help control shedding and keep their coat looking its best.

Health Concerns

When choosing a dog breed, it is crucial to consider potential health concerns associated with each breed. Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain conditions.

Afghan Hounds have a higher risk of developing hip dysplasia, a condition that affects the hip joints and can lead to mobility issues. They may also be prone to eye problems such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy diet can help minimize the risk of these health issues.

Salukis are generally a healthy breed, but they can be susceptible to certain conditions as well. Like Afghan Hounds, they may also develop hip dysplasia. Additionally, they may be prone to certain heart conditions, such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and routine vet visits can help maintain their overall health and prevent potential issues.

In conclusion, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki have specific grooming and maintenance requirements. The Afghan Hound’s coat requires more attention and daily grooming, while the Saluki’s shorter coat is relatively easier to manage. Both breeds shed to some extent, with the Afghan Hound shedding more throughout the year. When it comes to health concerns, both breeds may be prone to hip dysplasia, and additional conditions such as eye problems for Afghan Hounds and heart conditions for Salukis. By considering these factors, you can make an informed decision about which breed is the right fit for you and your lifestyle.

Living Environment

Suitable Homes

When considering whether an Afghan Hound or a Saluki is right for you, it’s essential to think about the living environment that each breed prefers. Both Afghan Hounds and Salukis are sighthounds, which means they have a strong prey drive and love to chase after moving objects. Therefore, it’s important to provide them with a safe and secure home.

Afghan Hounds are generally more adaptable to various living environments. They can do well in apartments or houses with a small yard, as long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, it’s worth noting that Afghan Hounds have a tendency to be more independent and may require some extra effort in training and socialization.

On the other hand, Salukis are known for their need for space to run and stretch their legs. They thrive in homes with a large, securely fenced yard where they can indulge in their high energy levels. It’s not recommended to keep a Saluki in an apartment or a home without access to a suitable outdoor area, as they may become restless and unhappy.

Climate Considerations

Another factor to consider when deciding between an Afghan Hound and a Saluki is the climate in which you live. Afghan Hounds have a long and thick coat, designed to protect them from harsh weather conditions in their native Afghanistan. This means they are better suited for colder climates and may struggle in extremely hot or humid environments. If you live in a warmer region, you’ll need to take extra precautions to ensure your Afghan Hound stays cool and comfortable.

Salukis, on the other hand, have a shorter coat that provides less insulation. They are more tolerant of warmer climates and can handle moderately hot temperatures. However, it’s still important to provide shade, fresh water, and avoid excessive exercise during the hottest parts of the day to prevent overheating.

Consider your local climate and the ability to provide appropriate accommodations for the breed you choose. It’s essential to create a living environment that suits the needs and preferences of your Afghan Hound or Saluki to ensure their overall well-being and happiness.

Compatibility with Children and Other Pets

Interaction with Children

When it comes to choosing a dog breed, it is essential to consider their compatibility with children, especially if you have a family or plan to have children in the future. Both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki can be great options in this regard, but there are a few factors to consider.

The Afghan Hound is known for its gentle and affectionate nature, making it a suitable companion for children. However, due to their large size, they may unintentionally knock over small kids during play. Therefore, it is recommended to supervise interactions between Afghan Hounds and young children to ensure everyone’s safety.

On the other hand, the Saluki is also known to be good with children. They have a calm and patient temperament, which makes them well-suited for family life. Salukis are generally gentle and tolerant, making them a great choice for families with children of all ages.

Interaction with Other Pets

If you already have other pets or plan to introduce a new furry friend into your household, it is crucial to assess how well a particular dog breed gets along with other animals. Let’s take a look at the compatibility of Afghan Hounds and Salukis with other pets.

Afghan Hounds are known to have a prey drive due to their hunting background, so they may have a higher tendency to chase small animals, including cats or small dogs. However, with proper socialization and training from an early age, Afghan Hounds can learn to coexist peacefully with other pets in the household.

Similarly, Salukis also have a strong prey drive, which is a characteristic of sighthounds. They might have an instinct to chase small animals, so it is important to introduce them to other pets gradually and under supervision. With proper introductions and socialization, Salukis can learn to live harmoniously with other pets, including cats or smaller dogs.

In conclusion, both the Afghan Hound and the Saluki can be compatible with children and other pets. However, it is crucial to consider their individual temperaments, size, and prey drive tendencies when making a decision. Proper socialization, training, and supervision are key to ensuring a peaceful coexistence between your chosen breed and other members of your family, whether they are children or other pets.

After comparing the Afghan Hound and the Saluki, it is clear that both breeds have their own unique traits and characteristics. Ultimately, the decision of which breed is right for you will depend on your lifestyle, preferences, and specific needs. If you are looking for a regal and elegant companion with a calm demeanor, the Afghan Hound may be the perfect choice. On the other hand, if you desire a swift and athletic dog that excels in agility and hunting, the Saluki could be the ideal breed for you. It is important to thoroughly research and consider all aspects before making a decision, ensuring that you find the perfect match for your lifestyle and create a lifelong bond with your furry friend.