Afghan Hound vs. Greyhound: Understanding the Differences

Afghan Hound vs. Greyhound: Understanding the Differences

Are you considering getting a new dog but can’t decide between an Afghan Hound and a Greyhound? Look no further! In this article, we will delve into the distinct characteristics and traits of these two magnificent dog breeds. By understanding the differences between Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds, you will be able to make an informed decision and choose the perfect companion that suits your lifestyle and preferences. So, let’s explore the unique qualities of Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds and discover which one will be the ideal addition to your family!

Physical Characteristics

Size and Weight

When comparing the Afghan Hound and the Greyhound, one of the first noticeable differences lies in their size and weight. The Afghan Hound is generally larger and heavier than the Greyhound. Afghan Hounds can reach a height of up to 27 inches at the shoulder, while Greyhounds typically measure around 25 to 30 inches in height. In terms of weight, Afghan Hounds can weigh between 50 to 60 pounds, whereas Greyhounds usually weigh between 60 to 70 pounds.

Coat and Colors

Another key difference between these two breeds is their coat and colors. The Afghan Hound is well-known for its luxurious, silky coat that requires regular grooming and maintenance. Their coat comes in various colors, including black, cream, brindle, and a wide range of shades in-between. On the other hand, the Greyhound has a shorter coat that is smooth and fine in texture. Greyhounds commonly come in solid colors such as black, fawn, white, red, or a combination of these colors.

Body Structure

The Afghan Hound and the Greyhound also differ in terms of their body structure. Afghan Hounds have a more slender and elegant build, characterized by long, lean legs and a graceful, arched neck. Their bodies are well-proportioned, giving them a regal and majestic appearance. In contrast, Greyhounds are known for their athletic and muscular physique. They have a deep chest, a long, slim waist, and powerful hindquarters, which allows them to reach impressive speeds when running.

In conclusion, the Afghan Hound and the Greyhound exhibit distinct physical characteristics. While the Afghan Hound is generally larger with a luxurious coat and elegant body structure, the Greyhound is known for its athletic build and shorter, smooth coat. Understanding these differences can help potential dog owners choose the breed that best suits their preferences and lifestyle.

Temperament and Personality

When it comes to temperament and personality, Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds have distinct differences.

Energy Level

Afghan Hounds are known for their calm and dignified demeanor. They are generally laid-back and have a moderate energy level. Afghan Hounds are often described as independent and aloof, but they can also be affectionate and loving towards their family members.

On the other hand, Greyhounds are famous for their incredible speed and athleticism. Despite their reputation as racing dogs, they are surprisingly gentle and affectionate. Greyhounds have a moderate to high energy level, requiring regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy.


In terms of trainability, Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds have contrasting characteristics. Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs but can be quite independent and stubborn, which can make training a bit challenging. They have a strong instinct to chase and can easily get distracted, so consistent and patient training methods are essential.

Greyhounds, on the other hand, are generally more trainable than Afghan Hounds. They are intelligent and eager to please, making them quick learners. Greyhounds respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and enjoy the mental stimulation that training provides.


Both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds require early and proper socialization to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded dogs. Afghan Hounds tend to be reserved with strangers and may be wary of unfamiliar people or animals. It is important to expose them to various social situations from a young age to help them develop confidence and good manners.

Greyhounds, despite their racing background, are usually friendly and sociable dogs. They generally get along well with humans and other animals, but early socialization is still crucial to reinforce positive interactions and prevent any potential behavioral issues.

In conclusion, understanding the differences in temperament and personality between Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds is essential for potential owners. While Afghan Hounds are calm and independent, Greyhounds are gentle and affectionate. Afghan Hounds may be more challenging to train due to their stubbornness, whereas Greyhounds are generally more trainable. Both breeds require early socialization to ensure they become well-adjusted and friendly dogs.

Exercise and Activity Needs

Exercise Requirements

Both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds have specific exercise requirements that need to be met to ensure their overall well-being and happiness.

Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are known for their athleticism and love for physical activities. They require regular exercise to maintain their health and prevent boredom. Afghan Hounds should ideally have daily exercise sessions that involve brisk walks, jogging, or even running in a secured and safe area. These activities help them release their energy and prevent them from becoming destructive or developing behavioral issues. It is important to note that Afghan Hounds have a high prey drive, so they should always be kept on a leash or in a securely fenced area during exercise sessions.


Greyhounds are renowned for their incredible speed and agility. Despite being known as racing dogs, Greyhounds are actually quite laid-back and have lower exercise requirements compared to Afghan Hounds. While they do enjoy short bursts of intense activity, they are generally content with a moderate amount of exercise. Daily walks, occasional sprints, or visits to a dog park where they can run freely are usually sufficient to meet their exercise needs. However, it is crucial to provide them with a securely fenced area or always keep them on a leash, as their chasing instinct can be strong.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds require mental stimulation to keep their minds sharp and engaged.

Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs that thrive on mental challenges. They enjoy activities that require problem-solving, such as puzzle toys or interactive games that stimulate their minds. Engaging them in obedience training or teaching them new tricks can be an excellent way to provide mental stimulation for this breed. Afghan Hounds also have a strong sense of smell, so scent-based games or introducing them to the sport of tracking can be mentally enriching for them.


Greyhounds may not possess the same level of intelligence as Afghan Hounds, but they still benefit from mental stimulation. Providing them with puzzle toys, treat-dispensing toys, or interactive games can help keep their minds active. Greyhounds are known for their gentle and calm nature, so activities like obedience training, which involves repetition and consistency, can be mentally stimulating for them. Additionally, socializing with other dogs or participating in canine sports like agility or lure coursing can provide mental enrichment for Greyhounds.

Outdoor vs. Indoor

When it comes to living arrangements, Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds have some differences in their preferences for the great outdoors.

Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are adaptable to both indoor and outdoor living, but they generally enjoy spending time outdoors. They have a strong instinct for exploring and may appreciate having a securely fenced yard where they can roam freely. However, it is important to note that Afghan Hounds have a thin coat and minimal body fat, making them more sensitive to extreme temperatures. During hot or cold weather, it is crucial to provide them with appropriate shelter or limit their time outdoors to prevent discomfort or health issues.


Greyhounds, on the other hand, are more adaptable to indoor living. Due to their thin coat and lack of body fat, they are more susceptible to extreme weather conditions. Greyhounds greatly appreciate a cozy and comfortable indoor environment, preferably with soft bedding and a warm spot to rest. While they still enjoy spending time outdoors, it is essential to supervise them closely and ensure they are protected from harsh weather elements. Offering them a well-fenced yard or providing regular outdoor walks and playtime is typically sufficient to meet their outdoor needs.

In conclusion, both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds have specific exercise and activity needs. Afghan Hounds require regular exercise and mental stimulation to maintain their athleticism and prevent boredom, while Greyhounds have lower exercise requirements but still benefit from physical activities and mental challenges. Understanding their preferences for outdoor or indoor living is also important to ensure their comfort and well-being.

Health and Lifespan

Common Health Issues

When comparing the Afghan Hound and the Greyhound, it is essential to consider their common health issues. Both breeds are generally healthy, but they may be prone to specific conditions.

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is known for its long, flowing coat, which requires regular grooming. Their luxurious coat can be a breeding ground for skin issues, such as allergies and dermatitis. Additionally, Afghan Hounds are susceptible to hip dysplasia, a condition that affects the hip joint’s stability and can lead to pain and mobility issues. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help minimize these health concerns.


On the other hand, Greyhounds are generally a robust breed with few health issues. However, they are prone to certain conditions, including bloat, also known as gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV). Bloat occurs when the stomach twists, causing gas and food to become trapped, leading to a life-threatening situation. To prevent this, it is recommended to feed Greyhounds smaller meals throughout the day and avoid strenuous exercise immediately after eating.

Grooming and Maintenance

Grooming and maintenance requirements also differ between Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds.

Afghan Hound

Afghan Hounds have a long, silky coat that requires regular and thorough grooming to keep it healthy and free from tangles and mats. Daily brushing is necessary to prevent their fur from becoming a mess. It is also important to keep their ears clean and nails trimmed regularly.


Greyhounds, on the other hand, have a short and smooth coat that is low maintenance. Weekly brushing is usually sufficient to keep their coat in good condition. Due to their thin skin, care should be taken when handling them to avoid injuries. Regular ear cleaning and nail trimming are also essential for their overall well-being.


The lifespan of both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds can vary based on various factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, and overall care.

Afghan Hound

On average, Afghan Hounds have a lifespan of 10 to 12 years. However, with proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and regular exercise, they can live even longer.


Greyhounds, known for their athletic prowess, tend to have a slightly shorter lifespan compared to Afghan Hounds. On average, they live between 10 and 13 years. However, with a healthy lifestyle and proper care, they can also exceed these expectations.

In conclusion, both Afghan Hounds and Greyhounds are generally healthy breeds, but they may have specific health concerns that owners should be aware of. Grooming and maintenance requirements also differ, with Afghan Hounds requiring more attention to their coat. Understanding their health issues and lifespan can help potential owners make an informed decision when choosing between these two beautiful dog breeds.

In conclusion, while both the Afghan Hound and Greyhound are elegant and graceful dog breeds, they have distinct differences that set them apart. The Afghan Hound is known for its long, flowing coat and regal appearance, while the Greyhound is recognized for its slender and athletic build. Additionally, their temperament and exercise needs differ, with Afghan Hounds being more aloof and requiring more exercise than Greyhounds. It is important for potential dog owners to thoroughly understand these variations in order to make an informed decision when choosing between these two remarkable breeds.