Afghan Hound vs. Borzoi: Which Sighthound is for You?

Afghan Hound vs. Borzoi: Which Sighthound is for You?

Are you considering adding a sighthound to your family but finding it difficult to decide between an Afghan Hound and a Borzoi? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we will compare the two popular breeds, their characteristics, and temperament, helping you make an informed decision about which sighthound is the perfect fit for you and your lifestyle. Whether you are looking for a graceful and elegant Afghan Hound or a majestic and intelligent Borzoi, this article will provide you with all the information you need to choose the ideal sighthound companion.


Afghan Hound Appearance

The Afghan Hound is a majestic and elegant breed that is known for its striking appearance. With its long, flowing coat and regal stance, this sighthound is truly a sight to behold. The Afghan Hound’s most distinctive feature is its luxurious, silky hair that cascades down its body, giving it a glamorous and exotic look. This breed’s coat comes in various colors, including black, cream, and shades of grey, allowing for a wide range of stunning and unique appearances.

Apart from their beautiful coat, Afghan Hounds have a slender and athletic build. They have a graceful gait and a proud posture, which adds to their overall allure. With their long, lean legs and deep chest, Afghan Hounds are built for speed and agility. Their slim physique allows them to effortlessly glide through the air while chasing prey. Additionally, their high-set tail and long neck contribute to their elegant appearance, giving them a regal and dignified presence.

Borzoi Appearance

The Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, possesses a distinct and captivating appearance. This breed displays an aura of strength and grace, making it a popular choice for dog enthusiasts. One of the most striking features of the Borzoi is its long, silky coat. Similar to the Afghan Hound, the Borzoi’s coat comes in various colors, such as white, black, and tan. The coat’s texture and length contribute to the breed’s overall majestic appearance, adding an extra touch of elegance.

In terms of body structure, the Borzoi is a large and muscular breed. It has a deep chest and a long, slender body, giving it a sleek and streamlined silhouette. The breed’s tall and slender legs provide it with the agility and speed needed for chasing prey. The Borzoi’s head is long and narrow, complemented by dark, expressive eyes that exude intelligence and curiosity. Overall, the Borzoi’s physical features combine to create a breed that is both powerful and elegant in its appearance.

In conclusion, both the Afghan Hound and the Borzoi possess unique and captivating appearances. While the Afghan Hound’s flowing coat and regal stance give it a glamorous look, the Borzoi’s long, silky coat and muscular build contribute to its majestic presence. Ultimately, choosing between these two sighthounds will depend on your personal preference for a specific appearance that resonates with you.


Afghan Hound Temperament

The Afghan Hound is known for its elegant and aloof temperament. This breed is often described as independent and dignified. Afghan Hounds are typically reserved with strangers but are extremely loyal and affectionate towards their owners. They have a gentle and sensitive nature, making them well-suited for families with older children or adults.

Afghan Hounds are intelligent and can be a bit stubborn at times, requiring patient and consistent training. They have a strong prey drive and may chase small animals, so it is important to keep them on a leash or in a secure area. Despite their independent nature, Afghan Hounds thrive on human companionship and enjoy being part of the family.

Borzoi Temperament

Borzoi, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, have a calm and gentle temperament. They are often described as quiet and reserved dogs. Borzois are known for their stoic and graceful demeanor, which can sometimes be mistaken for aloofness. However, they are deeply devoted and loving towards their families.

Borzoi are generally good with children and other pets when properly socialized. They are not as independent as Afghan Hounds and tend to bond closely with their owners. Although they are intelligent, Borzois can be sensitive and require gentle training methods. They have a moderate energy level and enjoy regular exercise, but they are also known for their ability to relax and lounge around the house.

In summary, both Afghan Hounds and Borzois have unique temperaments that make them suitable for different lifestyles. Afghan Hounds are independent and sensitive, while Borzois are calm and devoted. Understanding these temperamental differences is crucial in determining which sighthound is the right fit for you and your family.

Exercise and Activity

Afghan Hound Exercise and Activity

When it comes to exercise and activity, Afghan Hounds have specific needs that potential owners should consider. These elegant and graceful sighthounds are known for their endurance and love for running. Regular exercise is essential to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Afghan Hounds require daily exercise to maintain their overall health and prevent boredom. A long walk or jog is a good starting point, but it is important to note that they have a strong prey drive. Therefore, it is crucial to keep them on a leash or in a securely fenced area to prevent them from chasing small animals.

In addition to walks and jogs, Afghan Hounds enjoy participating in various activities such as lure coursing, agility training, and even obedience competitions. These activities not only provide physical exercise but also engage their minds, which is crucial for their well-being.

It is worth mentioning that Afghan Hounds are not suitable for apartment living or homes without a yard. They thrive in environments where they have ample space to run and explore. A fenced yard allows them to stretch their legs and engage in activities that fulfill their natural instincts.

Borzoi Exercise and Activity

Borzoi, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, have exercise and activity requirements similar to Afghan Hounds. However, there are a few notable differences that potential owners should be aware of.

Like Afghan Hounds, Borzois also have a high prey drive and a need for regular exercise. They enjoy long walks or jogs, but it is important to remember that they have a strong chasing instinct. Therefore, it is essential to keep them on a leash or in an enclosed area to prevent them from pursuing small animals.

In addition to walks and jogs, Borzois excel in lure coursing, a sport that simulates chasing prey. This activity allows them to fulfill their natural instincts and provides them with both physical and mental stimulation. Borzois also enjoy participating in other activities such as obedience trials and agility training.

Similar to Afghan Hounds, Borzois require a spacious environment to thrive. They are not well-suited for apartment living or homes without a yard. A securely fenced yard is crucial to ensure their safety and provide them with the necessary space to run and explore.

In conclusion, both Afghan Hounds and Borzois require regular exercise and engaging activities to keep them happy and healthy. Understanding their specific needs and providing them with the appropriate outlets for their energy will result in a fulfilling companionship with either of these remarkable sighthound breeds.


When it comes to choosing a sighthound as a pet, grooming is an important aspect to consider. Both the Afghan Hound and Borzoi have exquisite coats that require regular care and attention. Let’s take a closer look at the grooming needs of each breed.

Afghan Hound Grooming

The Afghan Hound is known for its long, flowing coat that adds to its regal and elegant appearance. Maintaining the Afghan Hound’s coat requires dedication and time. Here are some key points to consider when it comes to grooming an Afghan Hound:

  1. Daily Brushing: Due to their long and fine hair, Afghan Hounds need daily brushing to prevent tangles and matting. A slicker brush or a pin brush can be used to gently remove any loose hairs and keep the coat in good condition.

  2. Bathing: Afghan Hounds should be bathed regularly to keep their coat clean and free from dirt or debris. It is recommended to use a gentle shampoo specifically formulated for dogs with long hair. After bathing, thorough drying is essential to prevent any dampness that could lead to skin issues.

  3. Professional Grooming: Many Afghan Hound owners opt for professional grooming services to maintain their dog’s coat. Professional groomers are skilled in trimming and shaping the Afghan Hound’s hair, as well as managing the hair on their feet and ears.

  4. Hair Accessories: Some Afghan Hound owners enjoy styling their dog’s hair with various accessories like ribbons or clips. This can add a touch of flair to their appearance, but it’s important to ensure that the accessories are safe and do not cause any discomfort to the dog.

Borzoi Grooming

Similar to the Afghan Hound, the Borzoi also possesses a long and silky coat that demands regular grooming. Here are the essential grooming tips for a Borzoi:

  1. Brushing: Borzois have a double coat, consisting of a soft undercoat and a longer topcoat. Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and remove loose hair. A combination of a slicker brush and a wide-toothed comb is recommended for effectively maintaining their coat.

  2. Bathing: Borzois should be bathed as needed, typically every few months. Use a mild shampoo that won’t strip away the natural oils of their coat. It is crucial to thoroughly rinse out the shampoo to avoid any residue that may cause skin irritation.

  3. Nail Care: Regular nail trimming is essential for Borzois, as their nails can grow quite long. Long nails can be uncomfortable for the dog and may cause issues with their gait. It is advisable to seek professional help or learn proper nail trimming techniques to avoid any accidents.

  4. Ears and Teeth: Borzois, like many sighthounds, are prone to ear infections. Regular ear cleaning and inspection are necessary to keep their ears free from wax buildup or infections. Additionally, their teeth should be brushed regularly to maintain good oral hygiene.

Remember, grooming is not only about maintaining the appearance of your sighthound but also plays a vital role in their overall health and well-being. Proper grooming practices will ensure that both Afghan Hounds and Borzois are healthy and happy companions.


Afghan Hound Training

When it comes to training Afghan Hounds, it’s important to understand their independent nature. Afghan Hounds are known for their intelligence, but they can also be a bit stubborn at times. Here are some tips to help you train your Afghan Hound effectively:

  1. Start Early: Begin training your Afghan Hound as soon as you bring them home. Early socialization and training are crucial for this breed to ensure they grow up to be well-behaved and obedient.

  2. Positive Reinforcement: Afghan Hounds respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. Use treats, praise, and rewards to motivate and encourage good behavior during training sessions.

  3. Be Patient: Afghan Hounds may take some time to grasp commands and concepts. Avoid getting frustrated and maintain a patient and consistent approach to training. Remember to keep training sessions short and engaging to prevent boredom.

  4. Leash Training: Afghan Hounds have a strong prey drive, so leash training is essential. Teach them to walk on a leash without pulling or chasing after anything that catches their attention. Early leash training will ensure their safety and your control when outdoors.

  5. Socialization: Expose your Afghan Hound to various environments, people, and other animals from an early age. This will help them develop good social skills and prevent any potential behavioral issues in the future.

Borzoi Training

Borzoi dogs are intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easier to train compared to Afghan Hounds. However, they still require consistent and positive training methods. Here are some training tips specific to Borzoi dogs:

  1. Positive Reinforcement: Like Afghan Hounds, Borzoi dogs respond well to positive reinforcement. Use treats, verbal praise, and affectionate rewards to motivate and reinforce good behavior during training sessions.

  2. Consistency: Borzoi dogs thrive in an environment where rules and expectations remain consistent. Establish a routine and stick to it. Use clear and concise commands to avoid confusion and help your Borzoi understand what is expected of them.

  3. Sighthound Training: Borzoi dogs are sighthounds, which means they have a natural instinct to chase small animals. It’s crucial to provide them with appropriate outlets for this instinct, such as lure coursing or fenced areas where they can safely run. Incorporate games and activities that stimulate their natural instincts during training sessions.

  4. Recall Training: Since Borzoi dogs have a strong prey drive, recall training is essential. Teach them to come back to you reliably when called, even when they spot something interesting. Use high-value rewards and gradually increase distractions to reinforce their recall behavior.

  5. Socialization: Borzoi dogs tend to be reserved and may exhibit shyness if not properly socialized. Introduce them to various people, animals, and environments from an early age to help them build confidence and prevent any potential behavioral issues.

Remember, training is an ongoing process that requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. Both Afghan Hounds and Borzoi dogs can become well-trained companions with the right approach and dedication.


Afghan Hound Health

The Afghan Hound is generally a healthy breed with a long lifespan of around 12 to 14 years. However, like most dog breeds, they are prone to certain health issues that potential owners should be aware of.

One common health concern for Afghan Hounds is hip dysplasia. This condition occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to joint instability and arthritis. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of hip dysplasia in Afghan Hounds.

Another health issue that Afghan Hounds may face is progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). PRA is a genetic disease that causes the degeneration of the retina, leading to vision loss and eventually blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect PRA early on and potentially slow down its progression.

Additionally, Afghan Hounds are susceptible to skin problems such as allergies and dermatitis. Their long, flowing coat requires regular grooming and proper hygiene to prevent skin infections and irritations. It is important to keep their coat clean and free from mats to maintain optimal skin health.

Borzoi Health

Borzoi dogs are generally healthy dogs with a lifespan of around 10 to 12 years. They are a relatively low-maintenance breed when it comes to health, but there are still a few health issues that potential owners should be aware of.

One common health concern for Borzois is bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Bloat occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists, leading to a life-threatening condition that requires immediate veterinary attention. Feeding smaller, frequent meals and avoiding vigorous exercise after meals can help reduce the risk of bloat in Borzois.

Another health issue that Borzois may face is hypothyroidism. This condition occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to various symptoms such as weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems. Regular thyroid function tests can help detect and manage hypothyroidism in Borzois.

Additionally, Borzois can be prone to heart conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). DCM is a disease that causes the heart muscle to weaken, leading to poor heart function. Regular veterinary check-ups, including heart screenings, can help identify and manage DCM in Borzois.

Overall, both Afghan Hounds and Borzois are generally healthy breeds, but they can be prone to certain health issues. Regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and adequate exercise are essential for maintaining their health and well-being.

In conclusion, when deciding between the Afghan Hound and the Borzoi, it ultimately comes down to personal preferences and lifestyle. Both breeds are elegant and majestic sighthounds with unique qualities. If you are seeking a dog with a regal appearance and a calm demeanor, the Afghan Hound may be the perfect choice for you. On the other hand, if you are looking for a versatile and adaptable companion with a gentle nature, the Borzoi could be the ideal fit. Regardless of your decision, both breeds require proper care, attention, and a loving home. Consider your living situation, activity level, and the time you can dedicate to grooming and exercise before making a final choice. By doing so, you will ensure a fulfilling and rewarding experience with your chosen sighthound companion.